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(Lenni-Lenape), a tribe of North American Indians of the Algonquian language family. In the 17th century they occupied the territory of what is now Delaware and New Jersey and parts of New York and Pennsylvania. They had a matriarchal society and engaged in hunting, fishing, and agriculture. The Delawares had a pictographic written language, in which a legendary history of the tribe was recorded. In the middle of the 20th century in the USA, there were about 2,500 people who were descendants of the Delawares, most of whom lived in the rural regions of Oklahoma.