Delhi Sultanate


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Delhi Sultanate,

refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India (1210–1526). It was founded after Muhammad of GhorMuhammad of Ghor,
d. 1206, Afghan conqueror of N India. A brother of the sultan of Ghor, he was made governor of Ghazni in 1173 and from there launched a series of invasions of India. By 1186 he had conquered the Muslim principalities in the Punjab.
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 defeated Prithvi RajPrithvi Raj
, d. 1192, ruler of the Chauan dynasty of N India. A great warrior, he later became the subject of many romantic epics, including the Chand Raisa. He resisted the incursions of the Afghans led by Muhammad of Ghor, but in 1192 at the second battle of Taraori
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 and captured Delhi in 1192. In 1206, Qutb ud-Din, one of his generals, proclaimed himself sultan of Delhi and founded a line of rulers called the Slave dynasty, because he and several of the sultans who claimed succession from him were originally military slaves. Iltutmish (1210–35) and Balban (1266–87) were among the dynasty's most illustrious rulers. Constantly faced with revolts by conquered territories and rival families, the Slave dynasty came to an end in 1290. Under the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the conquests of Ala ud-Din Khalji brought Muslim dominion in India to its greatest height until the Mughul empire. Early in the reign of Muhammad Tughluq, founder of the Tughluq dynasty (1325–98), the power of Delhi was acknowledged even in the extreme S of India. His eccentric rule and ferocious temperament provoked a series of revolts, notably that of the Hindu Vijayanagar kingdom in the south, and a steady loss of territory; by his death (1351) the Hindu south had recovered its independence and the Deccan had become a separate Muslim state, the Bahmani kingdom. Under Tughluq's successors the sultanate of Delhi began to disintegrate into several small states. With the sack of Delhi by Timur in 1398, the once great sultanate fell, although local rulers lingered on at Delhi until the invasion of Babur and the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 conquest.

Bibliography

See V. D. Mahajan, The Sultanate of Delhi (2d ed. 1963); I. Quereshi, Administration of the Sultanate of Delhi (5th ed. 1971); N. K. Hamida, Agriculture, Industrial and Urban Dynamism under the Sultans of Delhi, 1206–1555 (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
In this option, Babur came out on top, defeating his half brethren who were in power 1,000 kilometers away in the Delhi Sultanate. The great Indian sub-continent became Babur's unlikely home and that of his descendants.
I told him (Congress MP) that he was talking about the times when the Delhi Sultanate was ruled by Muslim leaders," he added.
Unlike the British who massively exploited India during their 90 years of direct rule and Nadir Shah who looted and plundered Delhi and took looted wealth to Iran, the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire owned India and made every effort to spend resources in that country.
What we got from our history books was the record of India and the Delhi Sultanate being attacked by an invader who left with elephant-loads of spoils.
The Ghaznavids, the Ghauris, the Delhi Sultanate, the Lodhis, all at some point, ruled over the vast, expansive territory of undivided India, only to be overthrown by the Mughals, who chose to ink their own chapter in India's history.
Congress spokesperson Randeep Singh Surjewala said:"Dictator Emperor Narendra Modi, who is more cruel than Delhi sultanate's Aurangzeb, today (Tuesday) gave the country lessons in Emergency, which took place 43 years back.""He forgot to say that Aurangzeb had imprisoned only his father, but in the past 49 months of undeclared Emergency, today's Aurangzeb Modiji, along with his party BJP, has held the very democracy a hostage,"said Surjewala.
Ever since the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate in 1206, people from Central Asia and Afghanistan had been migrating to India in search of greener pastures.
It was supposed to release on December 1 but a lunatic fringe group objected to a rumoured dream sequence in the film where Queen Padmavati danced before Alaudin Khilji of the 13th century Delhi sultanate. Without having actually previewed the film, these lunatics threatened to behead lead actor Deepika Padukone, if it was exhibited.
'A hundred years later another Islamic dynasty came, the Ghurids and one of their commanders, Qutb al-Din Aibak, established the Delhi Sultanate. When you go back in time, you see a shared history.'
Even the heartland of the Muslim Indian empire, the North Western Provinces of the 19th century and the United Provinces of the 20th century, housing the capital of the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526) and the Mughal Empire (1526-1857), was home to barely 14 percent of the population.
The rulers of the Delhi Sultanate and their successors, the Mughal, were great patrons of art and architecture and constructed many fine tombs, mosques and madrasas.
Compa and Delhi Sultanate performed at ECHO at antiSOCIAL, Hauz Khas on September 25.

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