Delphi Technique


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Related to Delphi Technique: Nominal group technique

Delphi Technique

(programming, tool)
A group forecasting technique, generally used for future events such as technological developments, that uses estimates from experts and feedback summaries of these estimates for additional estimates by these experts until reasonable consensus occurs. It has been used in various software cost-estimating activities, including estimation of factors influencing software costs.
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This article details one technique, the Delphi Technique, that was used by the Prison Advisory Committee (PAC) for Columbia River Correctional Institution (CRCI) in Oregon.
* to perform a two-round Delphi technique expert survey regarding an evaluation of needs for ITS deployment in the Lithuanian public transport system;
Exploring district nursing competencies in health promotion: The use of the Delphi technique. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 14(8), 965-975.
The critical question targets the appropriateness of the Delphi technique to establish expert consensus on very complex issues.
The Delphi technique was selected as an appropriate strategy to use, as it is a well accepted scientific method for obtaining group consensus in education, medicine, nursing, allied health, business, and the social sciences.
Brainstorming and Delphi techniques rely heavily on the participant or the expert' subject judgments and many obstacles will occur in terms of organizing and communicating in practice.
Fraenkel asked me to test the instrument for reliability (Frankel, 1998) and I also did a Delphi technique to establish validity.
The Delphi technique allows researchers to solicit the opinions of a geographically dispersed group of experts who, for reasons of time and money, would not otherwise be able to come together to explore a specific topic (Linstone.
Loaf Helper, an engineer with the Rand Corporation, is credited with the development of the Delphi technique in the late 1950s and early 1960s for use in defense research (Lachmann, 1972).
The ID procedure was designed based on the foundations of the applied social systems theories (Bahg, 1990; Woudenberg, 1991), and relies upon the strengths of later versions of the Delphi technique (Ranch, 1979; Turoff, 1975; Press, 1983; Harkins and Kurth-Schai, 1983; Poolpatarachewin, 1980).