Out of the database, compiled selecting required data from the report texts and appendices, containing 6131 boreholes and 10 658 of drawn soil samples and laboratory analyses results, and 7 827 of studied samples of an eolian, fluvial, glacial, and deluvial origin (Figure 3) were selected.
There is a similar situation in fluvial and deluvial soils, which are sufficiently represented by coarse-grained soils, mostly by gravels with mixed-in fine-grained soil (G3 G-F) and clayey gravels (CG 5G).
This part of the stadium including the tower was built very close to an escarpment, within the area of deluvial
The greatest SC thickness was characteristic of Albeluvisols and some deluvial soils.
A positive SOC balance (input > output) over a long-time scale is characteristic for deluvial and alluvial soils, but a negative one for soils influenced by erosion (input < output; Fig.
The Quaternary mantle typically comprises loess to the north of the main valley whilst deluvial sediments, containing a large portion of clay particles, are abundant across the whole study area.
Field observations suggest that landslides occur mainly in the thick deluvial sediments that are typical for the lower slopes or the uppermost parts of the valley (Kirchner, 2002).
However, the EPL of deluvial
(or colluvial) soils is always thicker.
In the locality of the tunnel, the Quaternary cover is formed mainly by gravitational (deluvial
) sediments of clay-sandy loams with the admixture of fragments of parent material.
The Quaternary sediments have the form of thin covers of regoliths, fluvioglacial sands and Pleistocene deluvial
One of our papers (Badura et al., 2002) was devoted to the applicability of geophysical techniques in detection of fault zones buried under fluvial and/or deluvial
sediments, and did not aim at solving local stratigraphy or giving an extensive overview of the existing hypotheses on the development of the southern Klodzko Basin.
Due to the influence of earthquakes and the wetting-drying cycle that occurs over a long period, the Guanba River basin is impacted by many landslides, slope erosions, loose deluvials
and channel deposition.