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peak, Iran: see DamavandDamavand
or Demavend
, volcanic cone, 18,606 ft (5,671 m) high, in the Elburz range, N Iran. A permanently snow-covered volcano of recent geologic origin, it emits gases and small quantities of sulfurous materials; lava flows have impounded local streams, creating many
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an extinct volcano in the Elburz Range. Elevation, 5,604 m (the highest peak in Iran). Mount Demavend’s gently sloping cone rises 1.5 km above the crest of the Elburz Range. It is composed chiefly of andesitic lavas and is partially covered by glaciers. There are vents of hot gases, as well as mud and sulfur springs, on the slopes. Many Persian legends are about Mount Demavend.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.