Demchenko, Mariia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Demchenko, Mariia Sofronovna


Born Aug. 26 (Sept. 8), 1912, in the village of Starosel’e, in present-day Gorodishche Raion, Cherkassy Oblast. Initiator of a mass movement of kolkhoz workers to obtain high sugar beet harvests. Became a member of the CPSU in 1939.

From 1930 to 1936, Demchenko was field-team leader on the Comintern Kolkhoz in Gorodishche Raion. At the second All-Union Congress of Kolkhoz Shock Workers (1935), she . vowed to grow not less than 500 centners of sugar beets per hectare, which she successfully fulfilled, obtaining 523.7 centners of sugar beets per hectare. Demchenko’s initiative turned into a great socialist competition, which was named the five-hundreders’ movement. In 1945, Demchenko graduated from the Kiev Agricultural Institute. From 1945 to 1958 she was an agronomist at the Vasil’ev Kolkhoz (later a sovkhoz) of Dymer Raion in Kiev Oblast. In 1961, after finishing graduate work, she worked on experimental plots at the Vasil’ev Sovkhoz. She retired in 1965. She was a deputy to the first convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. She was awarded the Order of Lenin and the large gold medal of the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.