North Korea

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North Korea:

see under KoreaKorea
, Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. A peninsula, 600 mi (966 km) long, Korea separates the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea by Koreans) on the east from the Yellow Sea (and Korea Bay [or West Korea
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Korea, North

Official name: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Capital city: Pyongyang

Internet country code: .kp

Flag description: Three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star

Geographical description: Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea

Total area: 47,000 sq. mi. (120,410 sq. km.)

Climate: Temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer

Nationality: noun: Korean(s); adjective: Korean

Population: 23,301,725 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Korean; small ethnic Chinese and Japanese populations

Languages spoken: Korean

Religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Shamanism, Chongdogyo, Christian; autonomous religious activities have

been virtually nonexistent since 1945

Legal Holidays:

Birthday of Kim Il-sungApr 15
Constitution DayDec 27
Founding of the People's ArmyApr 25
Founding of the Workers' PartyOct 10
Kim Jong-il's AnniversaryFeb 16
Labor DayMay 1
Liberation DayAug 15
National DaySep 9
New Year's DayJan 1
Victory DayJul 27

North Korea

a republic in NE Asia, on the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea: established in 1948 as a people's republic; mostly rugged and mountainous, with fertile lowlands in the west. Language: Korean. Currency: won. Capital: Pyongyang. Pop.: 22 776 000 (2004 est.). Area: 122 313 sq. km (47 225 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2017, the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea conducted activities related to its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes at an alarming and accelerated pace.
To this end, the Security Council sanctions regime includes many mechanisms to enable Governments and humanitarian agencies to request exemptions, including a global mechanism designed for international and non-governmental organizations carrying out assistance and relief activities in the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea.
The members of the Security Council further regretted that the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea is diverting resources to the pursuit of ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons while Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea citizens have great unmet needs.
The members of the Security Council vowed to fully implement all measures imposed on the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea by the Security Council and strongly urge all other Member States to do so in an expeditious and serious manner, particularly the comprehensive measures contained in resolutions 2321 (2016) and 2270 (2016), in response to the Democratic Peoples Republic of Koreas acts of defying the will of the Security Council to denuclearize the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea emphasized on 28 April at the ministerial Security Council meeting.
During this period, the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea conducted two nuclear tests, more than 30 launches using ballistic-missile technology and various other activities relating to the nuclear and ballistic-missile programmes.
The members of the Security Council demanded that the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea shall immediately cease further actions in violation of the relevant Security Council resolutions and comply fully with its obligations under these resolutions.
The members of the Security Council deplore all the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea ballistic missile activities, including this launch, noting that such activities are contributing to the Democratic Peoples Republic of Koreas development of nuclear weapons delivery systems and are significantly increasing tension in the region and beyond.
It is imperative that the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea immediately comply with the abovementioned Security Council Resolutions and cease all hostile acts in the region, which constitute a threat to non-proliferation and international peace and security.
The members of the Security Council deplore all the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea ballistic missile activities, including this failed launch, noting that such activities contribute to the Democratic Peoples Republic of Koreas development of nuclear weapons delivery systems and increase tension.
This new nuclear test violates United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1718 (2006), 1874 (2009) and 2087 (2013), which urge the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea to return to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system, as well as to abandon all nuclear weapons and programmes in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner, immediately ceasing all related activities, including launches using ballistic missile technology and other acts of provocation.
The members of the Security Council deplore all Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea ballistic missile activities, including these launches, noting that such activities contribute to the Democratic Peoples Republic of Koreas development of nuclear weapons delivery systems and increase tension.
The members of the Security Council expressed serious concern that the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea conducted this series of further ballistic missile launches after the 15 April, 23 April, 27 April, 28 April and 31 May launches, in flagrant disregard of the repeated statements of the Security Council.

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