The Iliad and Demodokos
' first song in Odyssey 8 show Agamemnon as an almost perfectly bad leader--with one important exception, that he was personally brave and shared the lethal risks of combat with the rest of his forces.
Odysseus findet Aufnahme bei den Phaaken und nimmt an zwei Abenden an einem Gastmahl teil, an dem er jeweils dem Sanger Demodokos
lauscht, der--durch gottliche Eingebung der Muse [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in Od.
Thus while Demodokos
, a singer of epic tales, embraces his blindness as a power that "makes the wine much more like wine," and that "amplifies the crowing of the cock at dawn," he is also painfully aware of his handicap and his humble social standing--a difficulty that drives him to compensate by making of his "silver-studded chair [...] a throne." My reservations regarding this work are few but pointed.
Odysseus brings the Phaiakians up to date when he takes over from Demodokos
as performer and entertains them with the newer tale of his own return" (1997, 81).
He also describes how Homer's poet Demodokos
, as well as Odysseus' reaction to him, shows the merging of the poet and hero's identities in the Odyssey.
Odysseus finds similar treatment at the house of Alkinoos in Phaiakia, along with entertainment provided by a minstrel named Demodokos
, [...] that man of song whom the Muse cherished; by her gift he knew the good of life, and evil-- for she who lent him sweetness made him blind.
(82) It may also be seen in the arrangement of the feasting party, implied by the placing of Demodokos
on a chair in the middle of the feasters who are seated in order ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]) in Alkinoos's palace (Od.
Nagy 40 explains that when Odysseus asks Demodokos
to sing a song about the Trojan Horse [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] he is asking him to sing a traditional song about it, one that follows the traditional course for the story.
In telling the story of Mars' and Venus' adultery Leuconoe jettisons from her source in Odyssey 8 the bard Demodokos
' clearly articulated moral strictures on the lovers.
Something like this actually happens in the Odyssey, where Odysseus hears the singer Demodokos
singing Odysseus's own kleos, and is overcome with grief; "we see from the evidence of epic itself," Nagy concludes, "that the kleos heard by its audience may be akhos/penthos for those involved in the actions it describes" (CGS 101).
In addition, as Demodokos
sings for the Phaiakians and their visitor, the bhairdh of Fergus' clan, Mac-Murrough, sings an appropriate song of memorable deeds after Waverley and his hosts have feasted.
Even more interesting for our discussion is the fact, that Odysseus himself is first moved to tears upon hearing his own ordeals sung by Demodokos
, the court musician, as he accompanies his narration with chords of the "clear-toned harp" (Homer 132).