Instead, as Tully suggests, it reinforces the many demoi (including communities of Turkish immigrants) that constitute the European landscape, thereby strengthening a democratic pluralism whose foundations are already in place.
Tully notes that, indeed, these demoi "have been there since daybreak.
The second (Fotopoulos) calls for a more direct confrontation of the system, and its universal replacement by a stateless and marketless confederation of demoi
on the basis of direct participation of all citizens.
Es decir, movimientos favorables a considerar los demoi
nacionales minoritarios como entidades politicas que desean preservar toda la libertad colectiva negativa que sea posible en un mundo cada vez mas globalizado (18).
Rejecting the model of an expanding and increasingly global, unitary demos, Bohman argues that multiple, overlapping demoi are a better context for the realization of nondomination.
However, this worry seems misplaced, since a "republican cosmopolitan" world state could conceivably be modeled on a multinational state, such as Belgium or Switzerland, consisting of several coexisting demoi.
While I agree with Bohman that the emergence of a multiplicity of public spheres and communication across demoi must be encouraged, he understates the importance of global political institutions, which alone can be relied upon to enforce respect for human rights in a meaningful way.
This concern notwithstanding, Democracy across Borders: From Demos to Demoi is an important contribution to the literature on normative global governance and an elegant argument for republican federalism.
101-16; and James Bohman, Democracy Across Borders: From Demos to Demoi
Third, I apply this conception to the political form of a transnational polity, in which citizens enjoy the democratic minimum as members of various constituencies, or demoi.
The institutions that organize the polity into subunits, each with its own demoi, may currently be unable to provide the opportunities for the self-development of all their members that are requisite for the full use of their rights of membership.
THE DEMOCRATIC CIRCLE REVISITED: CONTROL, DOMINATION, AND THE DEMOI PROBLEM