Deng Xiaoping

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.

Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping or Teng Hsiao-p'ing (both: dŭngˈ shouˈpĭngˈ), 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow. A veteran of the long march, he joined the party's Central Committee in 1945 and organized the land-reform program (1949–51). Called to Beijing as deputy premier (1952), he rose rapidly, joining the Politburo Standing Committee in 1956. A pragmatist, he worked with Liu Shaoqi after the Great Leap Forward to restore the economy. In the Cultural Revolution he was attacked as the “Number Two Capitalist Roader” after Liu. Purged, he was sent to work in a tractor factory (1966). Reinstated by Zhou Enlai as deputy premier (1973), he took over the administration when Zhou fell ill, eagerly implementing Zhou's “Four Modernizations.” After Zhou's death in 1976, Deng was again purged.

In 1977 he again became deputy premier, as well as vice chairman of the party, and later (1979) visited the United States to seek closer ties. For most of the 1980s he served as head of the party and government military commissions and the newly created party Central Advisory Commission. Although not holding any of the highest ranking official posts, Deng became the most powerful Chinese leader since Mao Zedong. In 1981 Deng strengthened his position in China by replacing Hua Guofeng as Communist party chairman with his own protégé, Hu Yaobang. When Hu was forced from power, Zhao Ziyang, another Deng protégé, became party leader, and later when Zhao was ousted, a third Deng associate, Jiang Zemin, replaced Zhao. Deng oversaw the loosening of government control of the economy in order to promote development while insisting on tight party control of the government and politics. He resigned from his last party post in 1989, designating Jiang Zemin his successor, after supporting the use of military force in the brutal suppression of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations.


See E. F. Vogel, Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Deng Xiaoping

, Teng Hsiao-ping
1904--97, Chinese Communist statesman; deputy prime minister (1973--76; 1977--80) and the dominant figure in the Chinese government from 1977 until his death. He was twice removed from office (1967--73, 1976--77) and rehabilitated. He introduced economic liberalization, but suppressed demands for political reform, most notably in 1989 when over 2500 demonstrators were killed by the military in Tiananmen Square in Beijing
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Deng Xiaoping is still regarded as a leader who took China forward on a completely different path by introducing reforms in the economy and otherwise.
" Although it was not publicized, it has now leaked out that Deng Pufang, the 74-year-old eldest son of Deng Xiaoping, gave a speech last September at the China Disabled Persons' Federation where he said: "We must know our place and not be overbearing.
Like Deng Xiaoping and Dr Manmohan Singh, our Prime Minister Imran Khan sees himself as a enlightened reformer.
China's reforms were ultimately resuscitated by Deng Xiaoping himself.
Deng Xiaoping put forward the great vision of 'one country, two systems' which guided China's diplomatic negotiations with the United Kingdom to the successful resolution of the Hong Kong question."
The leadership group was also affected, including Deng Xiaoping who lost his job and essentially disappeared from sight.
By juxtaposing it with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development, it virtually made Xi's pronouncements as the working guide of the party in this era.
The Constitution juxtaposes Xi's thought with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of the Three Represents and Scientific Outlook on Development.
Deng Xiaoping's Long War: The Military Conflict between China and Vietnam, 1979-1991.
The two fault lines connected in 1978 when the Vietnamese invaded a now communist Cambodia and China's leader, Deng Xiaoping, travelled to Washington before ordering troops into Vietnam to 'teach this country' a lesson.
As the history of the conflict unfolds, Deng Xiaoping becomes more and more the central figure and key Chinese decision maker.
At the centre of China's radical economic, social and technological transformation was the statesman Deng Xiaoping. Africa-China relations generally date back to the days of African struggles against colonialism and apartheid with some scholars tracing even earlier contacts between Chinese and Africans.