dengue fever

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Related to Dengue haemorrhagic fever: Dengue Shock Syndrome

dengue fever

(dĕng`gē, –gā), acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease. The disease occurs in both epidemic and sporadic form in warm climates (S United States, South America, the E Mediterranean countries, India, and especially SE Asia and the W Pacific). The classic symptoms, following an incubation period of five to eight days, are high fever, chills, severe headache, pain in the joints, pain behind the eyes, rash, sweating, and prostration, but infected persons may experience milder symptoms. Symptoms subside in two to four days, but after a remission lasting from a few hours to two days there is another rise in temperature, and a generalized rash appears. Convalescence is sometimes prolonged, with weakness and low blood pressure.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever, a severe form of the disease, can cause hemorrhage, shock, and encephalitis. It can occur when a person who has acquired immunity to one of the viruses that cause dengue fever is infected by a different dengue virus; antibodies to the first dengue infection apparently work to aid the second virus. It is a leading cause of death among children in Southeast Asia and in recent years has become increasingly prevalent in tropical America. There is no specific treatment for dengue fever except good nursing care. Both diseases can be controlled by eradicating the mosquitoes and destroying their breeding places; the mosquito population also has been controlled through the release of sterile male mosquitoes.

Dengue fever

[′deŋ·gē ‚fēv·ər]
An infection borne by the Aedes female mosquito, and caused by one of four closely related but antigenically distinct Dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4). It starts abruptly after an incubation period of 2-7 days with high fever, severe headache, myalgia, and rash. It is found throughout the tropical and subtropical zones. Also known as break-bone fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
The impact of dengue haemorrhagic fever on liver function.
Clinical spectrum and management of dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Dengue haemorrhagic fever with unusual manifestations.
The great majority of the estimated 100 million infections annually worldwide are either asymptomatic or cause a mild 'undifferentiated' fever but the more severe forms of the disease, dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome have significant morbidity and mortality.
The patient had severe dengue haemorrhagic fever and while dengue optic neuropathy remains an unlikely possibility, the authors believe that the case described has features most consistent with PION.
Re-emergence of dengue and emergence of dengue haemorrhagic fever in the Americas.
Failure of secondary infection with American genotype dengue 2 to cause dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Effect of dengue-1 antibodies on American dengue-2 viral infection and dengue haemorrhagic fever.
He said dengue haemorrhagic fever was a potentially deadly complication that was characterized by high fever, haemorrhagic phenomena.
Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is prevalent among individuals of all age in north India.
Clinical profile of dengue haemorrhagic fever in adults during 1996--outbreak in Delhi, India.
Dr Javed Hayat said the dengue fever usually continues for two to seven days, adding, in moderate dengue haemorrhagic fever cases, all signs and symptoms abate after the fever subsides.