dengue fever

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Related to Dengue haemorrhagic fever: Dengue Shock Syndrome

dengue fever

(dĕng`gē, –gā), acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease. The disease occurs in both epidemic and sporadic form in warm climates (S United States, South America, the E Mediterranean countries, India, and especially SE Asia and the W Pacific). The classic symptoms, following an incubation period of five to eight days, are high fever, chills, severe headache, pain in the joints, pain behind the eyes, rash, sweating, and prostration, but infected persons may experience milder symptoms. Symptoms subside in two to four days, but after a remission lasting from a few hours to two days there is another rise in temperature, and a generalized rash appears. Convalescence is sometimes prolonged, with weakness and low blood pressure.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever, a severe form of the disease, can cause hemorrhage, shock, and encephalitis. It can occur when a person who has acquired immunity to one of the viruses that cause dengue fever is infected by a different dengue virus; antibodies to the first dengue infection apparently work to aid the second virus. It is a leading cause of death among children in Southeast Asia and in recent years has become increasingly prevalent in tropical America. There is no specific treatment for dengue fever except good nursing care. Both diseases can be controlled by eradicating the mosquitoes and destroying their breeding places; the mosquito population also has been controlled through the release of sterile male mosquitoes.

Dengue fever

[′deŋ·gē ‚fēv·ər]
(medicine)
An infection borne by the Aedes female mosquito, and caused by one of four closely related but antigenically distinct Dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4). It starts abruptly after an incubation period of 2-7 days with high fever, severe headache, myalgia, and rash. It is found throughout the tropical and subtropical zones. Also known as break-bone fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
An epidemic of dengue haemorrhagic fever & dengue shock syndrome in and around Vellore.
Clinical spectrum and management of dengue haemorrhagic fever.
This may be attributed to the fact that in this study only severe forms of dengue haemorrhagic fever were included.
Epidemiology of dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Conclusion: Mild ascites and mild right pleural effusion were the commonest pattern of ultrasonographic leak in dengue haemorrhagic fever patients.
Clinical presentation and outcome of dengue haemorrhagic fever in a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka.
2) The role of platelet transfusion plays the major role in dengue infected patients especially in Dengue haemorrhagic fever where a standard clinical practice is adopted in many dengue endemic countries for the proper use of platelets.
Keywords: Dengue fever, Dengue haemorrhagic fever, Dengue shock syndrome, Retrospective study, Platelets.
Dengue Haemorrhagic fever is characterized by acute fever, Haemorrhagic manifestations and marked capillary leaking the latter manifesting as pleural effusions, ascites and a tendency to develop shock.
5 billion people are at risk globally of which a few may progress to dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) / dengue shock syndrome (DSS), the major cause of mortality mainly among infants (1).
Dr Javed Hayat said the dengue fever usually continues for two to seven days, adding, in moderate dengue haemorrhagic fever cases, all signs and symptoms abate after the fever subsides.