dengue fever

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Related to Dengue hemorrhagic fever: Dengue Shock Syndrome

dengue fever

dengue fever (dĕngˈgē, –gā), acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease. The disease occurs in both epidemic and sporadic form in warm climates (S United States, the Caribbean, South and Central America, the E Mediterranean countries, India, and especially SE Asia and the W Pacific). The classic symptoms, following an incubation period of five to eight days, are high fever, chills, severe headache, pain in the joints, pain behind the eyes, rash, sweating, and prostration, but infected persons may experience milder symptoms. Symptoms subside in two to four days, but after a remission lasting from a few hours to two days there is another rise in temperature, and a generalized rash appears. Convalescence is sometimes prolonged, with weakness and low blood pressure.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever, a severe form of the disease, can cause hemorrhage, shock, and encephalitis. It can occur when a person who has acquired immunity to one of the viruses that cause dengue fever is infected by a different dengue virus; antibodies to the first dengue infection apparently work to aid the second virus. It is a leading cause of death among children in Southeast Asia and in recent years has become increasingly prevalent in tropical America. There is no specific treatment for dengue fever except good nursing care. Both diseases can be controlled by eradicating the mosquitoes and destroying their breeding places. The mosquito population also has been controlled through the release of sterile male mosquitoes and the release of mosquitoes infected with bacteria that makes the insects incapable of transmitting viruses.

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Dengue fever

[′deŋ·gē ‚fēv·ər]
An infection borne by the Aedes female mosquito, and caused by one of four closely related but antigenically distinct Dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4). It starts abruptly after an incubation period of 2-7 days with high fever, severe headache, myalgia, and rash. It is found throughout the tropical and subtropical zones. Also known as break-bone fever.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Children: A Report from Melmaruvathur Tamilnadu, India.
Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever: its history and resurgence as a global public health problem.
Many factors were responsible for the resurgence of epidemic dengue lever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in the final years of the 20th century.
Concurrent dengue hemorrhagic fever and typhoid fever infection in adult: case report.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever in Cuba, 1981 : a retrospective seroepidemiologic study.
We analyzed trends of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) from the early 1980s to 2002 by using surveillance data from the Brazilian Ministry of Health.
We conducted additional tests because thrombocytopenia could have been the first sign of a more severe form of dengue infection, dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is associated with hemorrhagic diathesis and shock (6).
"Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) can be fatal," epidemiologists added.
A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death'.
The serious circumstances of dengue fever are Dengue hemorrhagic fever and Dengue Shock Syndrome (Guzman, 2002).
I fully blame Sanofi for withholding its advisory during the contract signing that the vaccine, when given to subjects who have not been previously infected by the dengue virus, can develop a more serious form of the disease called dengue hemorrhagic fever with overall bleeding tendencies to vital organs like the brain, liver, lungs, gastrointestinal tract and skin.
The most important measure to assist the patient with dengue fever is to carefully evaluate them for impending complications, such as early evidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever.