Anton Ivanovich Denikin

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Anton Ivanovich Denikin
BirthplaceWłocławek, Warsaw Governorate, Privislinsky Krai

Denikin, Anton Ivanovich


Born Dec. 4 (16), 1872, near Warsaw; died Aug. 8, 1947, in Ann Arbor, Mich. One of the main leaders of the all-Russian counterrevolution during the Civil War (1918-20); lieutenant general (1916). Born into the family of an officer.

Denikin graduated from the Kiev Infantry Junker School (1892) and the Academy of the General Staff (1899). During World War I he commanded a brigade, a division, and from the autumn of 1916 the 8th Army Corps on the Rumanian front. In April-May 1917 he was chief of staff of the supreme commander in chief and then commanded the troops of the western and southwestern fronts. He was an active participant in the Kornilovshchina. On Nov. 19 (Dec. 2), 1917, along with L. G. Kornilov, he fled from the Bykhov prison to the Don River, where he took part in the creation of the Volunteer Army, which he headed after Kornilov’s death on Apr. 13, 1918. In the autumn of 1918, with the aid of the Entente, Denikin became commander in chief of the counterrevolutionary Armed Forces of the South of Russia and Admiral A. V. Kolchak’s deputy supreme ruler of Russia. In the summer and autumn of 1919 he led a campaign on Moscow. After the White Guards were routed in March 1920, Denikin and the remnants of the army evacuated to the Crimea. There on April 4 he turned over the command to General P. N. Wrangel and departed on an English destroyer for Constantinople.

In his political views he sympathized with the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets) and supported a bourgeois parliamentary republic. Although he remained an enemy of Soviet Power to the end of his life, in 1939 he appealed to White emigres not to support fascist Germany in the event that it fought a war against the USSR. He is the author of memoirs on the Civil War (Essays on the Russian Disturbances, vols. 1-5, Paris, Berlin, 1921-26; in an abridged version, The Campaign on Moscow, Moscow, 1928).

References in periodicals archive ?
Mikhail Denikin, chairman of the village council in Izvaryne, on the Ukrainian side of the border, stood by the road waving a large Russian flag as the trucks drove past.
aasta jaanuaris noudis viimase ulemjuhataja kindral Anton Denikin Gruusia vagede tagasitombumist Inguri joe (piirijogi Gruusia ja Abhaasia vahel ka tanapaeval) taha ning voimu uleandmist abhaasidele, kuid seda ei taidetud ja Abhaasia jai okupeerituks.
He forced the White Russian commander, General Denikin, to promise Georgia and its neighbors independence because the British wanted to control the Baku-Batumi railway bringing oil from the Caspian to the Black Sea.
There are also some outright errors: the Provisional Committee of the State Duma did not declare Russia a republic on 3 March 1917; (19) no bridge 'spans' Nevskii Prospekt in St Petersburg; (24) Denikin was not Kornilov's chief of staff in 1917; (59) Masaryk cannot properly be described as a leader of the Czechoslovak Legion, (60) etc.
During the Civil War, the armies of Denikin and of Wrangel tried to use antisemitism as a weapon in their struggle against the Soviet regime.
1) Historians also tend to overlook the fact that many of internal hostilities, which were "more dangerous [for the Bolshevik power] than Denikin, Yudenich, and Kolchak taken together" (382), also involved a great number of workers.
Denikin and was given command of an army and succeeded Denikin as commander of the White armies in April 1920.
Others included the sprint handicapper Denikin, Oleandrin, Stavros Niarchos's first winner in Britain and third in the 2,000 Guineas, True Cavalier, who won the Craven Stakes and Lingfield Derby Trial, and Father Thames, who the Great Metropolitan Handicap.
There he became a minister of trade and industry in the government of the White Russian General Denikin.
There were 200,000 Jews massacred in the Ukraine, but not by order of General Petlura, They were murdered by the armies of Denikin or Wrangel and by a dozen organizations headed by bandits who were under no governmental control whatsoever.
Japanese Foreign Minister Masahiko Komura and Viktor Denikin, chairman of Russia's State Committee on the Youth, signed Monday an agreement to establish a joint committee to promote youth exchange, the Japanese Foreign Ministry said.
Before proceeding to dinner, Komura and Viktor Denikin, chairman of the State Committee on Youth, signed an agreement to set up a joint committee for promoting youth exchange programs.