Derby, city, England
Derby (därˈbē, dûrˈ–)
, city and unitary authority, central England, on the Derwent River. It was formerly county seat of Derbyshire
but became administratively independent of the county in 1997. Manufactures include automobiles and airplane engines, pottery (see Derby ware
), synthetic textiles, beer, machinery, and chemicals. The city is also an important rail center. Derby was a Roman settlement and, in the 9th cent., one of the Five Boroughs of the Danes. England's first silk mill was built there in 1718. Derby is the birthplace of the philosopher Herbert Spencer
. Noteworthy are the Cathedral of All Saints, with its Perpendicular tower (1509–27), the Roman Catholic Church of St. Mary (designed by A. W. Pugin
in 1838), the arboretum, the chapel of St. Mary of the Bridge, and a grammar school founded in 1160. The Univ. of Derby and a teacher-training college are also located in Derby.
Derby, city, United States
Derby (dûrˈbē). <1> city (2020 pop. 12,325), New Haven co., SW Conn., at the confluence of the Naugatuck and Housatonic rivers, opposite Shelton; founded 1642 as a trading post, inc. as a city 1893. Its copper industry and pin manufactures originated in the 1830s but were in serious decline by the last third of the 20th century. It was the first town in New England to operate an electric trolley system and the first to manufacture an electric locomotive. It is home to the Shore Line Trolley Musuem. In Nov. 2001, a local citizen died due to an anthrax attact, the last of 5 such incidents that occurred that year. <2> City (2020 pop. 25,413), Sedgwick co., SW Kansas, the largest suburb of Wichita; founded 1871 as El Paso; inc. 1903; name changed to Derby, 1953. From the 1920s through the 1960s, several aircraft manufacturers were located in the town. McConnell Airforce Base is located nearby.
Derby, English horse race
Derby (därˈbē), English horse race, instituted (1780) by the 12th earl of Derby and held annually at Epsom Downs, near London. The race is open only to three-year-old colts and fillies that must be entered when yearlings. The original course is still used; it is one yard longer than one and one-half miles. Hundreds of thousands of spectators view the race each year. Other well-known races, notably the Kentucky Derby (dûrˈbē), held each year since 1875 at Churchill Downs, Louisville, Ky., have been named for the English classic.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a country town in Great Britain, on the Derwent River. Administrative center of the county of Derbyshire. Population, 220,000 (1970). It is a railroad junction and has railroad workshops. Automobiles and aircraft are manufactured, and there are other branches of transport machine building. It has a textile industry (cotton, silk, and chemical-fiber cloth), and there is production of knitted, lace, and leather goods and porcelain articles. There are specimens of architecture of the 14th to 19th century (St. Peter’s Church, Town Hall, and the cathedral). It has an art gallery.
a horse-racing event of purebred three-year-old Thoroughbreds over a distance of 2,400 m (on foreign racetracks, 2,414 m, or 1.5 miles). The derbies were initiated by Lord Derby in 1778 in England and were introduced in Russia in 1886. In the USSR derby competitions are known as the All-Union Grand Prix. In a number of countries, the USSR included, the term is also applied to the season’s main event for four-year-old trotters and in the Federal Republic of Germany, to the leading steeplechase.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A large, usually cylindrical piece of primary metal, whose weight may exceed 100 pounds (45 kilograms), formed by bomb reduction.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
darby, derby slicker
1. A float tool used in plastering, either wood or metal, about 4 in. (10 cm) wide and about 42 in. (approx. 1 m) long, with two handles; used to float or level the plaster base coat prior to application of the finish coat, or to level the plaster finish coat before floating or troweling.
2. A hand-manipulated straightedge usually 3 to 8 ft (1 to 2.5 m) long, used in the early-stage leveling operations of concrete finishing to supplement floating.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
classic annual race at Epsom Downs. [Br. Cult.: Brewer Dictionary, 276]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Earl of. title of Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley. 1799--1869, British statesman; Conservative prime minister (1852; 1858--59; 1866--68)
1. the. an annual horse race run at Epsom Downs, Surrey, since 1780: one of the English flat-racing classics
2. any of various other horse races
3. local Derby a football match between two teams from the same area
1. a city in central England, in Derby unitary authority, Derbyshire: engineering industries (esp aircraft engines and railway rolling stock); university (1991). Pop.: 229 407 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in central England, in Derbyshire. Pop.: 233 200 (2003 est.). Area: 78 sq. km (30 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005