Derived Word

Derived Word

 

a new word in a language formed from preexisting words by using active models of word-formation and composition. In synchronous linguistics, all words that can be divided into morphemes are considered derived words, regardless of the words’ origins; this includes words whose divisibility is historically secondary. From the standpoint of modern Russian, for example, the word zontik (“umbrella”) is derived fron zont (also meaning “umbrella”), whereas historically zont is derived from zontik (from the Dutch zondek). On the other hand, many words that arose as derived words were de-etymologized and are no longer perceived as derived words; for example, kol’tso (“ring”) is historically a diminutive of kolo (“circle”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Although derived word forms are generally more difficult to learn than inflected forms (e.
This hypothesis is based on the derived word 'tize+li' with transferred meaning 'strong' or 'powerful' and phraseological word formation with this word formation component 'tize buktiru' (word by word translation is 'to force smb to the knees') meaning 'to conquer' and the etymology of which may go back to the Old Turkic period.
The species name of nivalis comes from the Latin word nivis which means snow and the derived word in our language, nival which means growing among snow, so the taxonomists of years gone by got that bit right.
The first factor, Gender Agreement, had two levels: same and different (prime and target), and the second factor, Stem, referred to the pairs of words which could have the same stem (being the prime a derived word and the target a word without a derivative suffix) or a non-related word (when the stem was not shared).
That evening, my student checked through the various notes he had purchased to discover that the lesson was derived word for word from one of them.
Unlike type and token frequency, relative frequency takes into consideration the frequencies of both the derived word and its lexical base, and maintains that a word-formation process is more productive when the derived items are less frequent than their lexical bases.
The second assumption is that the rules of lexical morphology not only define derived word forms and their syntactic properties, but also novel lexical meanings.
3) This demonstrates that the more often a speaker flapped the /t/ in the base form, the more often he or she flapped the /t/ in the derived word, and vice-versa.
This paper addresses the manner in which all the different components of grammatical description participate -or interface- in the generation of a derived word.
Thus, even though under the decomposition model, the lexicon is relieved of the burden of replicating the root for each derived word in which it participates, it is severely "overloaded" with word-formation rules governing interactions between various root-affix combinations.
Is it always the case that an English Anglo-Saxon derived word should be preferred to a foreign word?
The derived word 'bezoar' is still used to designate large, unpleasant gastrointestinal concretions.