Chicken Mite

(redirected from Dermanyssus gallinae)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Dermanyssus gallinae: Red mite

Chicken Mite

 

(Dermanyssus gallinae), a parasitic, blood sucking gamasid mite. Length, approximately 0.75 mm. It is very widely distributed; in the USSR it is almost ubiquitous. The chicken mite parasitizes poultry (chickens, pigeons) and wild birds. It settles in nests and cracks in the walls of poultry houses, usually attacking the birds at night. When there is massive reproduction, the chicken mite emaciates chickens and lowers their egg production. It is a carrier of some viruses (including chicken encephalitis). It often bites persons who work in poultry houses, causing itching and dermatitides. Control measures call for disinfestation of poultry houses.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae, a potential vector of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae causing erysipelas in hens.
Mode of action and variability in efficacy of plant essential oils showing toxicity against the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Vet Parasitol 161: 276-282.
In vitro efficacies of oils, silicas and plant preparations against the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae. Exp Appl Acarol, v.48, n.1-2, p.31-41, 2009.
Sixteen out of 20 wild grey partridges were infested with two species of lice (Brueelia coquimbana and Coculogaster heterographus), two species of mites (Dermanyssus gallinae and Ornithonyssus sylviarum) and three species of ticks (Haemaphysalis leporispalustris, Ixodes pacificus and Amblyomma maculatum).
Seventeen of 22 wild black partridges were infested with three mite species (Tyroglyphus spp, Dermanyssus gallinae and Ornithonyssus sylviarum), two tick species (Amblyomma americanum and Ixodes pacificus) and one flea species (Pullex irritans).
[21] lograron infectar adultos hembras de Dermanyssus gallinae al alimentarse sobre pollos infectados experimentalmente con virus de Encefalomielitis Equina, permanecieron infectados 30 dias despues de la alimentacion con sangre, a su vez el virus fue transmitido a pollos sanos por los piojos.
Acariasis durch Dermanyssus gallinae (Gama-soidosis) in wien.
The red fowl mite Dermanyssus gallinae adversely affects the growth rate and postfledging survival of nestling Rock Doves Columba livia, and can induce adult Rock Doves to spend less time incubating their eggs (Clayton and Tompkins 1995).
Acaricide residues in laying hens naturally infested by red mite Dermanyssus gallinae. PLoS One 7(2): e31795.
Among the species of mites described affecting the industrial egg production in Brazil, hematophagous mites as Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae) (De Geer, 1778) known as Poultry Red Mite and Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Acari: Macronyssidae) (Canestrini & Fanzago, 1877), known as Northern Fowl Mite, are of great importance.
(2009) also reported that essential oil of black pepper at 0.14 mg/cm3 could be used to repel the red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer) during the first 2 days.
En la Sierra peruana se han reportado acaros de las especies Dermanyssus gallinae, Chirodiscoides caviae, Trixacarus caviae, Ornithonyssus sylviarum, piojos de las especies Trimenopon hispidum, Gyropus ovalis y Gliricola porcelli, y pulgas de las especies Leptopsylla segnis, Tiamastus cavicola, Pulex simulans, Pulex irritans, Ctenocephalides canis, Cteno cephalides felis felis, Echidnophaga gallinacea y Xenopsylla cheopis (Florian, 1999; Dittmar, 2001; Levano y Chauca, 2008; Flores, 2010), en tanto que en la Costa fueron reportadas todas las especies mencionadas a excepcion de C.