Dervishes


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Related to Dervishes: Whirling Dervishes

Dervishes

 

Muslim mystics, members of the Sufi sect.

The dervishes are organized into communities and orders—that is, “brotherhoods” (their first appearance is traced to the 11th century). These orders have their rules, clerical hierarchies, and cloisters (khanaka, zawiyya, takiyya [takka]); they also venerate hermits. The most well-known dervish orders are the Kadiriyya, Nakshbandiyya, Yasewiyya, Mawlawiyya, Bektashiyya (Bektashi), and Sanusiyya. The foundation of the teaching of the dervishes is the personal communication of man with god, which is achieved through mystical ecstasy (from silent meditation and self-contemplation to the group recitation aloud of prayers accompanied by singing, music, and ritual dances). Dervish orders exist in Pakistan, India, Indonesia, Iran, and in several African countries. No statistics concerning them exist. The activity of dervishes was outlawed in republican Turkey in 1925. In the Soviet East vestigial forms of dervish orders still exist.

References in periodicals archive ?
Many of Amir's dervishes move in this manner, though some have both hands raised above the head, and in one piece, a diptych, all three have their hands crossed in front of the bosom, representing the figure '1', thus testifying to God's unity.
Arguing that they were denied a fair trial, none of the 23 dervishes appeared in their court sessions as a form of collective protest, according to Majzooban.
One day while he wandered the steppes of Anatolia, he encountered two traveling dervishes who invited him to accompany them.
SIDON, Lebanon: In the spirit of the holy month of Ramadan, the Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Center organized a cultural evening at Sidon's Khan al-Franj Wednesday filled with music, Sufi poetry and whirling dervishes. The spinning dance, a Sufi tradition dating back to the 13th century, is considered a meditative performance.
It was necessary to have a plain and unornamented design in this product since it was meant to reflect the culture of Mevlevi dervishes and the cultural origins of coffee in Anatolia.
The last but most prominent performance was of the Turkish Whirling Dervishes who travelled from Turkey to Islamabad to join their Pakistani brethren in their celebrations of 70th Independence Day.
Netherlands Art and Ability Foundation head Vecih Er, "Seeing Turkey on ice sculptures, especially Hagia-Sophia mosque, whirling dervishes, Cappadocia, Pamukkale and Ephesus, made us satisfied.
The author has organized the eleven chapters that make up the main body of her text in three parts, devoted to the Sufi contribution to the early stages of the development of Bosnian Muslim society, the urban realities of Ottoman Bosnia, and the political roles of Bosnian Dervishes. Ines Aceric-Todd is a faculty member of the University of Edinburgh, UK.
Their "heart" is said to be the Turkish city of Konya, the home of the dancing dervishes and of the most famous representative of this religion, Mevlana Celaleddini Rumi, who is said to have inspired the dance of the whirling dervishes.
We sat in the banquet hall being served cold mezze watching the three dervishes perform their Sufi-inspired ritual accompanied with soft live music on traditional instruments.
January 17, 2012 (TUR) -- Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu and the Speaker of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles) of Iran, Ali Larijani, visited the Mevlana Museum in the central Anatolian province of Konya on Friday where they also watched a performance of the Whirling Dervishes. Speaking to reporters after visiting the Mevlana Museum, Davutoglu said that he was honored to host Larijani in both Ankara and Konya.
Though the Mevelvi dervishes of Turkey, with their long hats and creamy white robes, are certainly the most famous of all sufi dervishes, they are more types of dervishes subscribing to different schools, or rather tariqas.