References in periodicals archive ?
Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty versus Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty.
In posterior corneal dystrophies, Descemet membrane and corneal endothelium are involved.
As surgeons have moved away from full-thickness penetrating keratoplasty (PK), EK techniques have become increasingly precise, with a move to Descemet-stripping endothelial keratoplalsty (DSEK or DSAEK) and Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK or DMAEK).
Further chapters cover the history of lamellar and penetrating keratoplasty, deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty (DLEK), Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), comparisons of the older form of sutureless transplantation to DSAEK, and future directions, including Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK).
In the XX century, Sato in Japan, in the 1930s, observed corneal flattening in keratoconus eyes with previous steep and thin corneas, which developed hydrops (rupture of the Descemet membrane with subsequent hydration of the stroma) and thought that breaks in Descemet's membrane might play a role in that flattening, so he attempted to treat keratoconus creating breaks in Descemet's membrane with posterior incisions.
Histologically, patients with ARS have been found to have a monolayer of endothelial-like cells with descemet membrane extending from the cornea, across the anterior chamber and angle structures on to the surface of the iris.