Deschanel, Émile(āmēl` dāshänĕl`), 1819–1904, French author and politician. Of his numerous works the best known are such critical studies as Études sur Aristophane (1867) and Le Romantisme des classiques (1882). His Catholicisme et socialisme (1850) offended Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III), and Deschanel spent the years 1851–59 in exile. He was made a professor at the Collège de France and a senator in 1881.
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