Desiatina

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Desiatina

 

a Russian unit of land.

Known from the end of the 15th century, the desiatina was originally measured as two chetverts (1.092 hectares) and consisted of a square with sides measuring one-tenth of a

verst (0.10668 km), the square being 2,500 square sazhens (1 sazhen’ = 213.36 cm). In a 1753 decree concerning land boundaries, the official desiatina was defined as 2,400 square sazhens (1.0925 hectares). From the 18th through the early 20th century, there also existed the “household” or “oblique” desiatina (80 × 40 = 3,200 square sazhens), the “household circle” desiatina (60 × 60 = 3,600 square sazhens), the “hundred” desiatina (100 × 100 = 10,000 square sazhens), the “melon field” (80 × 10 = 800 square sazhens), and others. After the October Revolution, with the adoption of the metric system of measurement, the use of the desiatina was limited by a decree of Sept. 14, 1918, of the Sovnarkom (Council of People’s Commissars) of the USSR; since Sept. 1, 1927, the use of the measure has been prohibited.

REFERENCE

Kamentsova, E. I., and N. V. Ustiugov. Russkaia metrologiia. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We bought an abandoned coke factory in Donez Basin, rented about 2000 desiatina [ca.
At Osnova, for example, some 1,000 desiatinas of land were purchased at 5-30 rubles a desiatina from landholders pleasantly surprised at the value given these useless lands by the newcomers.
Throughout it all, viticulturists might earn a return of some 50 rubles per desiatina on their vineyards in a good year, a very respectable profit.
Between 1906 and 1914, the state sold 1.5 million desiatiny to peasants (1 desiatina =1.1 hectares); landlords lost one-fifth of their land--10.2 million of 49.7 desiatiny.
(25) It fixed the land tax at 8 rubles per desiatina under American cotton and 6 rubles for local cotton varieties.
(26) This amounted to about a 50 percent discount, also because of the low assumed yield of 30 poods per desiatina (1.09 ha) (RGIA f.
Moreover, since one of the medieval Russian terms to describe a piece of land was desiatina, or "one-tenth," the ten units of coins laid down by Peter might have been connected with the size of the plot he was buying, although no specifics regarding the actual size of the area are mentioned in the text.
(62) For the term desiatina, see Blum, Lord and Peasant, 77.
In 1928, the area planted in potatoes was minuscule: 2,900 desiatinas out of 1.7 million planted desiatinas, but politics, economic planning, and science converged to increase this.
(2) In the 17th century, when the Novgorodian lands were controlled by Sweden, one obs equaled 30 tunnland, 13.55 desiatinas, or 14.81 hectares.
(36) Average values from Table 3 allow us to evaluate the amount of plough land (obs) per male soul (0.65 desiatinas) and per household (2.25 desiatinas).
Big landed estates (57) (up to 500-600 desiatinas, or 1,350-1,620 acres) in the possession of local nobles--some of them belonging to notable and ancient Georgian (Tavad and Aznaur) clans--were classified as miri lands.