Desiatinnaia Gosudareva Pashnia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Desiatinnaia Gosudareva Pashnia

 

(land cultivated for the sovereign), arable state land worked by the sovereign’s farming peasants and court peasants as a feudal obligation. It was most common in Siberia but was also found in the southern regions of Russia and on court lands. At the end of the 16th century the sovereign’s farming peasant began receiving for personal use a plot of land (sobinnaia pashnia) in return for working the state fields. The relationship between the size of the personal plowed land and the desiatinnaia gosudareva pashnia was not precisely determined and ranged from a ratio of 6:1 to 4:1. Grain from the desiatinnaia gosudareva pashnia was taken over by the state. In Siberia the obligation to work this land was replaced by a cash payment in 1769; later, court peasants were also switched over to a cash payment.

REFERENCES

Shunkov, V. I. Ocherki po istorii zemledeliia Sibiri (XVII v.). Moscow, 1956.
Shepukova, N. M. “K voprosu ob otmene desiatinnoi pashni v Zapadnoi Sibiri.” In Materialy po istorii Sibiri: Sibir’ perioda feodalizma, fase. 2. Novosibirsk, 1965.
Istoriia Sibiri s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei, vol. 2. Leningrad, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.