Dessau

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Dessau,

city (1994 pop. 93,290), Saxony-Anhalt, E Germany, at the confluence of the Elbe and Mulde rivers. It is an industrial city, river port, and rail and road transport center. Before World War II it was the site of a large aircraft factory. Present industries include a shipyard, armaments, and vehicle, machinery, and chemical works. Dessau was first known as a German settlement in 1213. In 1603 it became the residence of the line of AnhaltAnhalt
, former state, c.900 sq mi (2,330 sq km), central Germany, surrounded by the former Prussian provinces of Saxony and Brandenburg. Dessau, the capital, and Köthen were the chief cities. Nonmountainous except for the outliers of the lower Harz Mts.
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-Dessau. From 1925 to 1932 it was the seat of the Bauhaus art school, headed by Walter Gropius and widely regarded as the most significant art school in the 20th cent.; the school was converted into a museum in 1977. The city was severely damaged in World War II. The Marienkirche in Dessau, a 16th-century church, has an altarpiece by Lucas Cranach, the younger. The philosopher Moses MendelssohnMendelssohn, Moses
, 1729–86, German-Jewish philosopher; grandfather of Felix Mendelssohn. He was a leader in the movement for cultural assimilation. In 1743 he went to Berlin, where he studied and worked, becoming (1750) a partner in a silk merchant's firm.
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 was born (1729) in Dessau.

Dessau

 

a city in the Halle District of the German Democratic Republic on the Mulde River near its junction with the Elbe. Population, 97,800 (1970). A railroad junction, it has an inland harbor at Wallwitzhafen on the Elbe. The machine-building industry comprises the production of cement and mining equipment, refrigerator cars, and river ships. Other industries include the electrical technology, instrument-making, chemical, woodworking, and food (including sugar) industries. The Vockerode Thermoelectric Power Plant is located near the city.

Dessau was laid out and built up in the classical style of the 18th and early 19th century. The ducal castle (1530-88) was rebuilt in the 18th century by the architects G. W. Knobelsdorff and F. W. Erdmannsdorff. The latter also constructed the palaces of Luisium (1774) and Georgium (1780), a greenhouse (1793), theaters, and dwellings. In the 1920’s, W. Gropius built the Bauhaus complex in Dessau (1925-26). and the Tórten residential district (1926-28). Destroyed in 1944-45, Dessau has been entirely rebuilt. Museums include the State Gallery (painting and graphic arts) and the Mosigkau Palace (18th-century culture).

REFERENCE

[Usemann, W.] Dessau. Dresden, 1961.

Dessau

an industrial city in E Germany, in Saxony-Anhalt: capital of Anhalt state from 1340 to 1918. Pop.: 78 380 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
OMCS sites at Dessau, Germany, and Wuxi, China, have been integrated into Nela's sites, and "leading personnel" were offered jobs at Nela.
The fascinating dichotomy of artist and businessman is explored as Hirsch points out, on one hand, Weill's ability to produce symphonies, violin concertos, radio cantatas, songspiels, oratorios and musical plays, and then defines him as having a hefty ego, competitive spirit and fierce ambition, "a Sammy Glick from Dessau, Germany, his eye on the box office and the main chance.
Both a renowned art school and one of the design phenomena of our century, the Bauhaus flourished in Dessau, Germany from 1919 into the early 1930s.
This volume represents the results of two 1994 conferences, one in Dessau, Germany, and the other in Belt Berl, Israel, in honor of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the foundation of the Bauhaus and the transmission of part of its heritage to Israel.
Before her marriage, she studied at the Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany, and art schools in Dusseldorf and Berlin.
Longfellow's play was never produced in his lifetime in this country, but was staged in Dessau, Germany, (1855) in a German translation by Adolf Boettger.
The same strategy was also pursued by the city of Dessau, Germany where we are delivering vehicles of the same family.
Thanks to the influence of a young German artist, Wilf Franks, from the Bauhaus school in Dessau, Germany, the resulting designs were seen as highly modern at the time.
OLYMPIC hopeful Anyika Onuora set a new personal best in the 200m at a meeting in Dessau, Germany.