Desulfotomaculum


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Desulfotomaculum

[dē‚səl·fəd·ə′mak·yə·ləm]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Bacillaceae; motile, straight or curved rods with terminal to subterminal spores; anaerobic and reduce sulfate.
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Taken into account the absence of direct contacts of the city buildings with groundwater and low winter temperatures, the role of nonsporeforming and sporeforming but thermophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria (genus Desulfotomaculum) in destruction of houses is minimal.
Different sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) have reported for the degradation of various hydrocarbons, such as Desulfosporosinus meridiei (Robertson et al., 2001), Desulfovibrio carbonoliphilus (Allen et al., 2008), Desulfotomaculum sp., Desulfomicrobium sp., Desulfobacter sp.
Jarrell et al., "Description of two new thermophilic Desulfotomaculum spp., Desulfotomaculum putei sp.
Bacteria genus Location Process References Veillonella Oral cavity Metabolism of [23] and stomach carbohydrates/ [24] lactate Actinomyces Oral cavity Metabolism of [23] and small lactate [24] intestine Prevotella Oral cavity Metabolism of short- [23] chain fatty acids [24] Desulfosarcina, Human and Reduction of sulfate [25] Desulfotomaculum, animal colon or other oxidized [26] Desulfonema, sulfur compounds [14] Desulfovibrio using [H.sub.2] or (Desulfomonas), lactate Desulfococcus, Desulfobacter
Guan et al., (2013), mediante tecnicas moleculares demostraron la presencia de bacterias sulfatoreductoras en aguas de produccion de 4 yacimientos, e indicaron que la distribucion de Desulfotomaculum estuvo correlacionada con la temperatura, profundidad, y la concentracion de acetato, propionato y sulfato; mientras que Desulfomicrobium, Desulfobacter y Desulfobulbus lo estuvieron con el azufre y la salinidad.
Las principales bacterias anaerobias asociadas a este proceso pertenecen a los generos Thiobacillus, Clostridium, Desulfovibrio, Desulfotomaculum y Methanobacillus y otros anaerobios asociativos como: Agrobacterium, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus y Beijerinckia (56).
Phylogenetic analysis of Desulfotomaculum thermobenzoicum using polymerase chain reaction-amplified 16S rRNA-specific DNA.
Degradation of o-xylene and m-xylene by a novel sulphate-reducer belonging to the genus Desulfotomaculum. Arch.
The mtmB gene represents an intermediary case, with a few Pyl-containing bacteria possessing it, leading either to a MT with Pyl (Acetohalobium arabaticum, Desulfotomaculum acetoxidans) or not (Bilophila wadsworthia) 25].
Aksu, "Corrosion behavior oflow-alloy steel in the presence of Desulfotomaculum sp.," Corrosion Science, vol.
This type of spoilage is associated with anaerobic sulphide-reducing spore forming bacteria such as the themophilic Desulfotomaculum nigrificans and also the mesophilic Clostridium sporogenes.
In addition, Syntrophobacter pfennigii, Smithella propionica, Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum and Desulfotomaculum thermobenzoicum sub sp.