Desulfovibrio


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Desulfovibrio

[dē‚səl·fə′vib·rē‚ō]
(microbiology)
A genus of gram-negative, strictly anaerobic bacteria of uncertain affiliation; motile, curved rods reduce sulfates and other sulfur compounds to hydrogen sulfide.
References in periodicals archive ?
(15) A study in Korean women with rosacea demonstrated a reduction of Peptococcaceae, Methanobrevibacter, Slackia, Coprobacillus, Citrobacter (genus), and Desulfovibrio and an increased amount of Acidaminococcus, Megasphaera, and Lactobacillales in women with rosacea.
Relative abundance of Bacteroides and Parabacterioides decreased by 12.9% and 34.3%, whereas relative abundance of Desulfovibrio in the cecum of geese in Group I increased by 24.6% compared with those in Group II.
Reintroducing plant coverage in a tropical wetland contaminated with oil and sulfate: rhizosphere effects on Desulfovibrio populations
Gu, "Effects of biogenic H2S on the microbiologically influenced corrosion of C1018 carbon steel by sulfate reducing Desulfovibrio vulgaris biofilm," Corrosion Science, vol.
Several sulfate-reducing bacteria such as Sulfurospirillum, and Desulfovibrio, homoacetogenic Acetobacterium, Geobacter, and Anaerovorax in the samples UASB1a (sampling height, 30 cm) and UASB5a (sampling height, 400 cm) shared similar sequence abundance higher than those in the sample UASB3a (sampling height, 200 cm).
Kim and his coauthors [76], designed a batch system using zeolite-immobilized Desulfovibrio desulfuricans for the removal of chromium ([Cr.sup.6+]), copper (Cu), and nickel (Ni) with removal efficiency of 99.8%, 98.2%, and 90.1%, respectively (Table 3).
Ravishankar Rai, "Inhibition of a sulfate reducing bacterium, Desulfovibrio marinisediminis GSR3, by biosynthesized copper oxide nanoparticles," 3 Biotech, vol.
Desulfovibrionaceae Lachnospiraceae [132] (Bilophila, Ruminococcaceae Desulfovibrio, Christensenellaceae) Branton et al.
Desulfovibrio desulfuricans lipopolysaccharides induce endothelial cell IL-6 and IL-8 secretion and E-selectin and VCAM-1 expression.
Reduction of Cr(VI) by immobilized cells of Desulfovibrio vulgaris NCIMB 8303 and Microbacterium sp.
Different sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) have reported for the degradation of various hydrocarbons, such as Desulfosporosinus meridiei (Robertson et al., 2001), Desulfovibrio carbonoliphilus (Allen et al., 2008), Desulfotomaculum sp., Desulfomicrobium sp., Desulfobacter sp.
Interestingly, many members of the Desulfovibrio genus, from which the first microbial choline TMA lyase enzyme was reported (26), represent a choline-degrading genus that can liberate TMA from dietary precursors.