Desulfovibrio


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Desulfovibrio

[dē‚səl·fə′vib·rē‚ō]
(microbiology)
A genus of gram-negative, strictly anaerobic bacteria of uncertain affiliation; motile, curved rods reduce sulfates and other sulfur compounds to hydrogen sulfide.
References in periodicals archive ?
Desulfovibrio desulfuricans lipopolysaccharides induce endothelial cell IL-6 and IL-8 secretion and E-selectin and VCAM-1 expression.
Interestingly, many members of the Desulfovibrio genus, from which the first microbial choline TMA lyase enzyme was reported (26), represent a choline-degrading genus that can liberate TMA from dietary precursors.
Sediments rich in organic matter cause a rapid development, mainly of the species of the genus Desulfovibrio (Parkes, Gibson, Mueller-Harvey, Buckingham, & Herebert, 1989; Widdel & Hansen, 1992).
These bacteria include Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Campylobacter rectus, Desulfovibrio species.
In this method the bacterium which is used for the removal of sulfur content from the hydrocarbon is called desulfovibrio desulfuricans or more commonly known as M6 [38,39].
Bacteria genus Location Process References Veillonella Oral cavity Metabolism of [23] and stomach carbohydrates/ [24] lactate Actinomyces Oral cavity Metabolism of [23] and small lactate [24] intestine Prevotella Oral cavity Metabolism of short- [23] chain fatty acids [24] Desulfosarcina, Human and Reduction of sulfate [25] Desulfotomaculum, animal colon or other oxidized [26] Desulfonema, sulfur compounds [14] Desulfovibrio using [H.
2007), senalaron que la mayoria de las BSR pertenecen a uno de los siguientes cuatro linajes: 1) las -Proteobacteria con los generos Desulfovibrio, Desulfobacterium, Desulfobacter y Desulfobulbus; 2) las bacterias Gram-negativo termofilicas con el genero Thermodesulfovibrio; 3) las bacterias Gram-positivo con el genero Desulfotomaculum; y 4) las Euryarchaeota con el genero Archeoglobus.
38) In addition, sulfate-reducing bacteria, such as Desulfovibrio species, are anaerobes that reduce sulfate to hydrogen sulfide (H2S).
The influence of the media on the corrosion of mild steel by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans bacteria: An electrochemical study.
Numerous bacterial genera have been identified which are able to reduce ferric iron, such as Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Bacteroides, Desulfovibrio, Sulfolobus, Thiobacillus, Shewanella, Desulfomonas, Desulforomusa, Geobacter, and Pelobacter.
Conversion of Cellulose to Methane and Carbon Dioxide by Triculture of Acetivibrio cellulolyticus, Desulfovibrio sp, and Methanosarcina barkeri.