infanticide

(redirected from Determination of age)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

infanticide

(ĭnfăn`təsīd) [Lat.,=child murder], the putting to death of the newborn with the consent of the parent, family, or community. Infanticide often occurs among peoples whose food supply is insecure (e.g., the Chinese and the Eskimo). Female infanticide was common in some traditional patriarchal societies. In certain societies children who are deformed or are believed tainted by evil (e.g., twins) may be slain at birth. In Greece and ancient Rome a child was virtually its father's chattel—e.g., in Roman law, the Patria Potestas granted the father the right to dispose of his offspring as he saw fit. In Sparta the decision was made by a public official. Child sacrifice occurs in many traditional societies for religious reasons, but human sacrificial victims were generally appreciated members of society, unlike victims of infanticide, who were devalued. Christianity, like Islam and Judaism, condemns infanticide as murder, and in all countries the act is a crime. If infanticide served as a means of limiting family size, as many anthropologists believe, then the introduction of contraceptives, abortion, and other methods of population control may have rendered it obsolete.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

infanticide

  1. the killing of infants soon after they are born. Several reasons have been identified for the practice of infanticide, especially in nonindustrial societies:
    1. a means of population control, particularly in times of trouble such as FAMINE or war;
    2. a means of eliminating children with undesirable or unacceptable characteristics, such as disabled or sick children. Plato proposed infanticide as an ideal, and the infanticide of ‘defective’ children was practised in Sparta;
    3. a means of eliminating children whose birth is considered TABOO, such as breech births and twins;
    4. a means of reinforcing patriarchal values and behaviour; in many nonindustrial societies it was the practice to kill, or allow to die, many more girls than boys.
  2. (in English law) the manslaughter of a child under the age of 12 months by the child's mother, according to the Infanticide Act of 1938.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

Infanticide

Infertility (See BARRENNESS.)
Infidelity (See ADULTERY, CUCKOLDRY, FAITHLESSNESS.)
Astyanax
Hector’s infant son, thrown from the walls of Troy by the Greeks. [Gk. Myth.: Hamilton, 289]
Cronos
warned that a son would dethrone him, swallowed all his children at birth. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 237]
Sorrel, Hetty
leaves her illegitimate infant to die. [Br. Lit.: Eliot Adam Bede]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Height or weight alone cannot be considered as a good parameter for determination of age, this could be due to factors like racial, genetic, socioeconomic, nutritional and climatic factors, which need to be evaluated.
Determination of age and growth of populations of the white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) exhibiting a wide range in size at maturity.
Construction of growth curves by means of regression analysis or determination of age groups using principal components analysis are among the strategies recently implemented in Geomys by systematic researchers with the intent of avoiding this fragmented panorama (M.
The ability to measure physical specimens forms a critical learning activity in many areas of skeletal biology, including determination of age, determination of stature, reconstruction of stature, analysis of disease, etc.
Until recently, however, the imprecision of dating techniques made an exact determination of age difficult.
Literature review shows certain changes such as lipping of the bones, greying of the hair, appearance of arcus senilis in the cornea, opacity in lens, atherosclerotic changes in the arteries, wrinkling of the skin especially of the face are due to aging process, but they are too vague to be considered for determination of age in Medico-legal work.
ISLAMABAD -- Islamabad High Court (IHC) has reserved judgment on maintainability of a petition with regard to determination of age of a death convict Faisal Mehmood.
Roentgenologic study of epiphyseal union in punjabi girls for determination of age. Ind j med res 1957;45(2):283-289.
Justice Athar Minallah of IHC who is hearing the case inquired who had ordered for holding inquiry in connection with determination of age of Shafqat Hussain.