Determinatives


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Determinatives

 

(1) In some modern languages, a class of words including articles and certain pronomial adjectives (demonstratives and possessives). Determinatives are necessary markers with the noun; they express the meanings of the grammatical category of definiteness. Determinatives exist in a number of Western European languages (all Romance and Germanic languages, Greek, and Hungarian).

(2) In the comparative grammar of Indo-European languages, the term designating the elements of the suffixal type, which are closely bound to the root and whose precise meaning is usually not clear.

(3) In the history of written language, the graphic markers of a group of concepts, to which the word equipped with the determinative belongs. Determinatives are used in individual writing systems (the hieroglyphic written language of Egypt, the Hittite hieroglyphics, and Sumerian and Hittite cuneiform). In the Chinese hieroglyphic written language, the determinative is an element of hieroglyph (which is common to a number of hieroglyphs); it can also function as an independent hieroglyph.

References in periodicals archive ?
The very close parallels above serve to show that Reynolds' three properties of determinatives as a syntactic category, together with the words that meet those properties, look strikingly similar to those of Huddleston and Pullum (2002, p.
In this section, we apply the linguistic tests offered in Reynolds (2013) to show that the words that belong to the my set are determinatives rather than pronouns.
In the analysis of determinatives as a syntactic category and their function as a specifier, the author uses the following tests summarized in Table 1.
Nor is the category of Molly--though Anderson (1997, 2003) does interpret names as determinatives.
The two indefinite determinatives again share their partitive.
The traditional arguments against headhood for the determinative in (14) involving "optionality" are indecisive: less appears to be optional only because it necessarily takes a complement, unless the latter is ellipted.
Goldwasser prefers to call determinatives "classifiers," as do most others working in the tradition she has founded, including the author of the present book.
The key question is: Does the usage of determinatives change over time, and how?
All in all, then, I feel that the evidentiary case for determinatives set out in Reynolds (2013; which is largely due to CGEL) stands.
On determinatives and the category-function distinction: A reply to Brett Reynolds.
The specifier function is mostly realized by determinatives (8) or genitive NPs, as in the woman's face, but not all genitives are specifiers; the genitives in, say, cow's milk and an old people's home are modifiers, not specifiers.
Determinatives are for the most part individual words.