Determinatives


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Determinatives

 

(1) In some modern languages, a class of words including articles and certain pronomial adjectives (demonstratives and possessives). Determinatives are necessary markers with the noun; they express the meanings of the grammatical category of definiteness. Determinatives exist in a number of Western European languages (all Romance and Germanic languages, Greek, and Hungarian).

(2) In the comparative grammar of Indo-European languages, the term designating the elements of the suffixal type, which are closely bound to the root and whose precise meaning is usually not clear.

(3) In the history of written language, the graphic markers of a group of concepts, to which the word equipped with the determinative belongs. Determinatives are used in individual writing systems (the hieroglyphic written language of Egypt, the Hittite hieroglyphics, and Sumerian and Hittite cuneiform). In the Chinese hieroglyphic written language, the determinative is an element of hieroglyph (which is common to a number of hieroglyphs); it can also function as an independent hieroglyph.

References in periodicals archive ?
The very close parallels above serve to show that Reynolds' three properties of determinatives as a syntactic category, together with the words that meet those properties, look strikingly similar to those of Huddleston and Pullum (2002, p.
9-11) argues that words belonging to the my set are pronouns, not determinatives. In this section, we apply the linguistic tests offered in Reynolds (2013) to show that the words that belong to the my set are determinatives rather than pronouns.
In the analysis of determinatives as a syntactic category and their function as a specifier, the author uses the following tests summarized in Table 1.
The is a determinative, a member of the class of determiners and pronouns.
The traditional arguments against headhood for the determinative in (14) involving "optionality" are indecisive: less appears to be optional only because it necessarily takes a complement, unless the latter is ellipted.
Consequently, two fundamental cognitive questions pertain to determinatives and not just one, as in the case of ideograms.
About two decades ago, Orly Goldwasser first turned her attention to hieroglyphic determinatives. The result is a significant body of work authored by herself, her students, and others.
In this particular case, I assert that it is unreasonable to interpret we/ us and you as determinatives in the case of She would object to ~ taking it as Lenchuk and Ahmed do.
All in all, then, I feel that the evidentiary case for determinatives set out in Reynolds (2013; which is largely due to CGEL) stands.
In the first place, most determinatives can occur in functions other than specifier.
Conversely, and more importantly for this article, the specifier function is not always filled by determinatives; it can also be filled by embedded NPs, usually GENITIVE (5) (e.g., Huddlesston & Pullum, 2002; Quirk et al., 1985) as in the children's toys, Anne's grandfather, my job, and so forth.
Part IV, verse 30: the ideogram stroke and the divine determinative of shm have been omitted.