(redirected from Deutscher Volkssturm)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a militia created in fascist Germany during World War II (1939–45) as a result of the total mobilization of men from 16 to 60 years of age.

The Volkssturm was created on orders of A. Hitler on Sept. 25, 1944, at the suggestion of the chief of the General Staff of Infantry, General H. Guderian. The Volkssturm was organized by the Nazi Party and was led and trained by SS Reichsführer H. Himmler. It was organized into battalions made up of two to four companies, armed mainly with firearms. Legally, those mobilized into the Volkssturm had the same status as soldiers in the Wehrmacht. The Volkssturm saw combat in Silesia (40 battalions) from December 1944 to January 1945, in Hungary and on the Austrian border (30 battalions) from December 1944 to March 1945, and on the Oder, the Neisse, and around Berlin (up to 50 battalions). The Volkssturm was also used to provide replacements for army units.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After much discussion, it was decided to bestow the properly National Socialist sounding designation Deutscher Volkssturm (German People's Assault) upon this new organization.
They were the product of the well known Heinrich Krieghoff firm and produced in haste for the last ditch defense of Germany in the hands of all able bodied men between the ages of 16 and 60, the Deutscher Volkssturm Wehrmacht--the "German People's Assault Army".
The very fact of publication makes Hitler's Volkssturm the definitive English-language study, but it is also superior to the three German titles on the subject (Hans Kissel's Der deutsche Volkssturm, Klaus Mammach's Der Volkssturm, and Franz Seidler's Deutscher Volkssturm).

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