Deutscher Werkbund

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Deutscher Werkbund


(German Association of Craftsmen), an organization of architects, artisans, and industrialists founded in Munich in 1907 for the purpose of reorganizing the building trades and the artistic crafts on a modern industrial basis. H. Muthesius, H. K. van de Velde, T. Fischer, F. Schumacher, R. Riemerschmid, F. Naumann, and K. E. Osthaus were among the founders of the Deutscher Werkbund. P. Behrens, W. Gropius, L. Mies van der Rohe, H. Poelzig, B. Taut, J. Hoffmann, and Le Corbusier were associated with the organization.

When designing models for mass production (utensils, furniture, fabrics, compartments in railroad cars, steamship cabins, and interiors of motor vehicles), the members of the Werkbund tried to give them simple, purposeful, and functionally justified forms. The members also designed the interiors of buildings. The Deutscher Werkbund’s largest exhibits (Cologne, 1914; Stuttgart, 1927) greatly influenced international industrial art. The organization published the Jahrbuch des Deutschen Werkbundes (1912–22) and the journal Die Form (1925–33). In 1933 the Werkbund was dissolved by the fascists; it was reestablished in Düsseldorf in 1947.


Muthesius, H. , F. Naumann, and H. van de Velde. Die Werkbund-Arbeit der Zukunft. Jena, 1914.
Riemerschmid, R. Der Deutscher Werkbund. [Stuttgart] 1926.
50 Jahre: Deutscher Werkbund. . .. Edited by H. Eckstein. Frankfurt-Berlin, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
You'll further witness this as the Metropolitan Museum of Manila presents '100 Years Deutscher Werkbund,' their latest exhibition featuring German architecture and design.
Deutscher Werkbund (DWB) is an association of artists, architects, designers, and industrialists created in 1907 by 12 German artists and architects along with 12 Munich design firms.
Word got around, and in 1907 the "Deutscher Werkbund" (German Association of Craftsmen) was founded in Munich.
3); attended the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Cologne; was a founder member of the Design & Industries Association (DIA); and initiated the Mansard Gallery on the shop's top floor as a magnet to attract a more avant-garde clientele.
This led to the founding of German Work Federation or Deutscher Werkbund, (the subject of the last section of the show), whose advocates brought about fusion of the contributions of artists, craftspeople, and industrialists that after the Great War led ultimately to the founding of the Bauhaus school in Weimar, and the acceptance of industrial design.
Its variations can be traced in the Ruskin- and Morris-inspired Arts and Crafts movement, Art Nouveau (especially Vienna Secession), Deutscher Werkbund, and Bauhaus; through the 1960s and 1970s appeal for more ethical approach in design; up to the present trends toward sustainable design, eco-design, and inclusive design.
The Deutscher Werkbund was an association of manufacturers and designers, founded in 1907, with the aim of collaborating in the production of high-quality consumer goods.
Behrens believed them, certainly, but so did other members of the Deutscher Werkbund, a group of artists and industrialists established in 1907 to advocate for the integration of art and industry and the consequent improvement of manufactured products.
There is no fashionable style that we adhere to, but it is the extravagance of lone individuals." In 1915, the school had been founded under the influence of the Deutscher Werkbund which went along largely with the ideas of the British Arts and Crafts movement.
His rising career, as Director of the Royal Prussian Academy of Art and Applied Arts, as member of the newly grounded Deutscher Werkbund and later as Town Planning Counsellor and teacher at the Technical University in Dresden, did not flag.
1, second section from left) was a prominent inclusion in Hoffmann's Osterreich-Haus at the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Cologne.
'100 Jahre Deutscher Werkbund', Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, 19 April-26 August; Akademie der Kunste, Berlin, 16 September-11 November.

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