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(computer science)
A person who prepares sequences of instructions for a computer, without necessarily converting them into the detailed codes.
(control systems)
A device used to control the motion of a missile in accordance with a predetermined plan.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


(Or "computer programmer", "developer") Someone who writes or debugs computer programs, for a living or for fun. "Analyst/developer" is a common equivalent job title, implying the added role of system analysis. The term may be qualified according to the type of software - "application programmer", "system programmer", etc.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(1) See PROM programmer.

(2) A person who designs the logic for and writes the lines of codes of a computer program. Programming is the heart and soul of developing computer applications, and programmers are the most misunderstood people in the business. They are constantly being criticized for taking longer to write a program than they initially estimated.

Why Such Bad Estimators?
It is very difficult for people who have not spent any time programming to understand why programmers are often the world's worst estimators. Programming is very creative, and after a program is put into production, programmers derive a sense of completion that is very satisfying. Thus, the more programs programmers write, the more confidence they have. As a result, they take on what seems like an eternal optimism that the job can be done easily. As their confidence builds with experience, it often seems their estimates are even more absurd. It takes numerous hard knocks to wise up and then double, triple or even quadruple one's initial estimate in order to put reality into it.

Easy to Create a Hodgepodge
It is also very difficult for non-programmers to understand how easy it is to program oneself into a real predicament. Programmers love to code and are often in too much of a hurry to dive in rather than take the time to analyze their logic carefully on paper. There are dozens of logic solutions for every problem, and it is easy to pick one that seems to solve the hurdle for the moment, only to find out months later that the logic is inflexible for making future changes.

Even experienced programmers fall into the trap, which compounds over and over as more patches are made until the program becomes unwieldy and nobody can bring it back into stability. This is why projects take longer and why your favorite program too often becomes quirkier in its next version.

Novices or Masters?
It would seem that programming is a profession for bright, young whiz kids, and, in fact, there are tons of them creating and maintaining some of the most widely used software in the world. Any left-brained, intelligent person, for that matter, can program with just a little bit of practice. But, it takes years to become an expert at anything.

Masters in all professions have earned their stripes by making their mistakes over the course of 20, 30 and even 40 years. When you consider the average age of programmers in most software companies, it is understandable why software does not always work well. Too many novices create specifications that more novices have to implement. In addition, programming can be such tedious work that those who would eventually become the experts burn out and take other jobs. There is a constant influx of inexperienced souls to this field. See developer, Freedman's law, programming language, application programmer, systems programmer, job descriptions, 10x coder and salary survey. See also to the recruiter.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Economic Development Program will consist of two elements:
Exhibit 3 on page 124 presents a fairly comprehensive example of recommended activities for a parallel practice development program. It may be implemented wholly or in part, depending on firm size, marketing budget, competitive imperative and practitioners' willingness to implement needed practice development activities.
He said that Green Development Program is part of a larger Government of Punjab's larger Annual Development Program.
The Player Development Program of Lahore Qalandars was initiated following the first edition of PSL and in last three years, the management of Lahore Qalandars has taken trials of over 500,000 aspiring Qalandars.
The new Rural Development Program envisages a budget of EUR 150 M for consultancy services, according to
* The development of an ATA District Player Development Program, to be set up in each district of the United States, that will offer quality coaching, sports science education and tournament selection assistance.
The library development program can be used to assist libraries in conveying their mission and thereby stemming the tide of slashing library budgets.
"Learning and Performance Changes of Physician Executives: Evaluation of a Management Training and Development Program." Journal for Research on Learning in the Workplace 1(1):37-44, 1991.
A word of caution: Some research has shown that organizations face fewer difficulties when first establishing a development program if they don't hire from within.
The Pakistan Development Program - PDP will be inclusive and open to everyone, irrespective of gender, religion or age.
"Integrating a new, complex (operational flight program) with a new core processor and precision weapon was a great challenge," said Nanette Soehngen, Boeing's F-15 development programs manager.
"Harvard's Advanced Management Development Program in Real Estate is an outstanding resource for me and other experienced real estate professionals, who want to deepen their skills with serious, forward-thinking learning in challenging arenas of management."

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