Devon

(redirected from Devon, England)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Devon

(dĕv`ən), county (1991 pop. 1,008,300), 2,591 sq mi (6,711 sq km), SW England. The county town is ExeterExeter
, city (1991 pop. 88,235) and district, Devon, SW England, on the Exe River. It is the market, transportation, administrative, and distribution center for SW England.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Devon is bounded on the N by the Bristol Channel, on the S by the English Channel, and on the W by Cornwall. It is a land of rolling hills, dominated by Dartmoor and ExmoorExmoor,
high moorland of the Cornwall peninsula, SW England, comprising much of Exmoor National Park (265 sq mi/686 sq km; est. 1954). Underlaid by slate and sandstone, the rugged region with wooded glens rises to 1,707 ft (520 m) in Dunkery Beacon; the Exe River is nearby.
..... Click the link for more information.
, upland areas of forests and rugged stone. The Exe and the Tamar (forming the Cornwall border) are the main rivers. PlymouthPlymouth,
city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 238,583), SW England, on Plymouth Sound. The three towns that Plymouth has comprised since 1914 are Plymouth, Stonehouse, and Devonport; the suburbs of Plympton and Plymstock were added to the city in 1967.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the chief port and industrial center for SW England, is now administratively separate from the county. The county is divided into eight administrative districts: East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, West Devon, and Exeter.

Devon is a farming and pastoral county (for beef and dairy cattle) with some fishing off the coastal towns. Devon "clotted" cream and West Country cider are notable products. Considerable woolen and tin industries and export trade flourished from the 12th to the 18th cent. Woolen goods are still manufactured, along with lace, pottery, and marine fixtures; clay is mined. Quiet and picturesque with a mild climate, Devon is a popular tourist and vacation center.

The county was occupied in Paleolithic times; numerous habitation sites and ceremonial centers have been excavated (see Kent's CavernKent's Cavern
or Kent's Hole,
limestone cave, Devonshire, SW England, near Torquay. The floor is composed of several strata, with remains indicating the prehistoric coexistence there of humans and now-extinct animals. The Rev. J.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Exeter was the westerly outpost of Roman occupation. Devon was incorporated into Wessex early in the 8th cent. by King Ine. In Elizabethan times the county reached its greatest maritime importance, and its name is associated with Walter Raleigh, Francis Drake, John Hawkins, and Richard Grenville. From Plymouth, many colonists sailed for America. In 1974, Devonshire Co. was reorganized as the nonmetropolitan county of Devon.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Devon

1. a county of SW England, between the Bristol Channel and the English Channel, including the island of Lundy: the geographic and ceremonial county includes Plymouth and Torbay, which became independent unitary authorities in 1998; hilly, rising to the uplands of Exmoor and Dartmoor, with wooded river valleys and a rugged coastline. Administrative centre: Exeter. Pop. (excluding unitary authorities): 714 900 (2003 est.). Area (excluding unitary authorities): 6569 sq. km (2536 sq. miles)
2. a breed of large red beef cattle originally from Devon
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ottery St Mary - Devon, England - In the small town of Ottery St Mary, the bonfire and fireworks are not the focal point of the community's celebrations.
Lang, Ph.D., of Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry in Exeter, Devon, England, studied binge drinking among 5,075 U.S.
Chambers was saved MISS ALICE PHILLIPS, of Devon, England, was travelling with her brother and in her cabin when the ship hit the iceberg.
The story of the play revolves around ten strangers who have been invited to an Indian Island off the coast of Devon, England by a mysterious man, Mr.
He, known as "the apostle of Germany" was born in Devon, England in 675.
He also took part in a collective exhibition, titled "Signs for Sound," in Devon, England in September, along with different events at the end of the year.
The company takes its name from Dartington Hall in Devon, England, which in the late 1960s opened a glass factory in an effort to establish a manufacturing presence in north Devon.
London, Oct 5(ANI): Three men have been arrested in Devon, England, for allegedly racially abusing British tennis player Anne Keothavong when she was preparing for a tournament in the county.
in Devon, England. She is one of the few female horologists in the United
Hosts: Brian and Wendy Froud, international, best-selling faerie artists from Devon, England
She is to become a patron of an initiative linking Fairtrade groups in Devon, England, with olive farmers in the West Bank village of Deir Istya, where many ancient olive trees are under threat from encroaching Israeli settlements and the apartheid separation wall Israel is building in the West Bank.