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Devon (dĕvˈən), county, 2,591 sq mi (6,711 sq km), SW England. The county town is Exeter. Devon is bounded on the N by the Bristol Channel, on the S by the English Channel, and on the W by Cornwall. It is a land of rolling hills, dominated by Dartmoor and Exmoor, upland areas of forests and rugged stone. The Exe and the Tamar (forming the Cornwall border) are the main rivers. Plymouth, the chief port and industrial center for SW England, is now administratively separate from the county. The county is divided into eight administrative districts: East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, West Devon, and Exeter.

Devon is a farming and pastoral county (for beef and dairy cattle) with some fishing off the coastal towns. Devon “clotted” cream and West Country cider are notable products. Considerable woolen and tin industries and export trade flourished from the 12th to the 18th cent. Woolen goods are still manufactured, along with lace, pottery, and marine fixtures; clay is mined. Quiet and picturesque with a mild climate, Devon is a popular tourist and vacation center.

The county was occupied in Paleolithic times; numerous habitation sites and ceremonial centers have been excavated (see Kent's Cavern). Exeter was the westerly outpost of Roman occupation. Devon was incorporated into Wessex early in the 8th cent. by King Ine. In Elizabethan times the county reached its greatest maritime importance, and its name is associated with Walter Raleigh, Francis Drake, John Hawkins, and Richard Grenville. From Plymouth, many colonists sailed for America. In 1974, Devonshire Co. was reorganized as the nonmetropolitan county of Devon.

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8th Duke of, title of Spencer Compton Cavendish. 1833-- 1908, British politician, also known (1858--91) as Lord Hartington. He led the Liberal Party (1874--80) and left it to found the Liberal Unionist Party (1886)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Team: K Hodgson, M Hickman, T Hanrahan, J Daniels, J Parsons, B Hurst, A Instone, J Moon, C Maddren, M Marshall, E Devonshire, C Bromley, C Marshall and O Fuller
On the ground-floor the Devonshire features a hallway, which leads to three reception rooms, including a kitchen, lounge and dining room.
Mr Devonshire, from Llanrwst, had suffered a devastating stroke which set him on his path to weight loss.
He succeeds the Duke of Devonshire within the Ascot Authority (Holdings) Limited (AAHL) board structure, having been a racecourse trustee since 1997 and having sat on the AAHL board since its incorporation in 2001.
Yesterday, Merseyside Police charged Abdillahi Ahmed, 28, of Devonshire Road, in Toxteth, with Mr Mohamoud's murder, after initially detaining him under the Mental Health Act.
THE JUNE meeting of the Shepshed History Society which was entitled the 'Duchess of Kedleston' was given by Mrs Heather Harrington who gave a fascinating talk relating to the making of a film portraying the life of the Duchess of Devonshire.
But through a haze of bubbles, West Ham fans still hanker for the days of Alan Devonshire skipping down the left flank.
17 October 2018 - US-based social and collaborative online learning specialist NovoEd has been acquired by Boston, US-based private equity group Devonshire Investors, the company said.
M2 EQUITYBITES-October 17, 2018-Online Learning Firm NovoEd Acquired by Devonshire Investors
The A6 Stockport Road, in Longsight, was closed in both directions for several hours at the junction with Devonshire Street South, near the McDonald's, while emergency services attended.