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(both: dăk`ə), city (1991 pop. 6,844,131), capital of Bangladesh, on a channel of the Dhaleshwari River, in the heart of the world's largest jute-growing region. It is the industrial, commercial, and administrative center of Bangladesh, with trade in jute, rice, oilseeds, sugar, and tea. The city comprises three distinct sections: an old area of narrow streets and bazaars; a modern part, called Ramna, with government, tourist, and cultural facilities; and a residential and industrial community N and W of Ramna. Between Dhaka and its nearby river port of Narayanganj lies Bangladesh's greatest industrial concentration. The surrounding district is a very densely populated and fertile agricultural region that is subject to heavy monsoon floods. Dhaka's manufactures include textiles, cotton saris, jute products, rope, string, baskets, and boats. Dhaka is famous for its cottage industries (especially confectioneries) and handicrafts (particularly filigree work, embroidery, and shell carving). In the late 19th cent., competition from British cloth virtually ended the manufacture of Dhaka's world-renowned muslins.

Dhaka's history dates back to c.A.D. 1000, but the city achieved glory as the 17th-century MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 capital of Bengal. English, French, and Dutch industrialists set up factories there in the 17th and 18th cent., and Dhaka passed under British rule in 1765. It became the capital of East Pakistan in 1947. The city was surrendered by the Pakistani army to Indian troops in Dec., 1971, and a few days later became capital of the provisional government of Bangladesh. Landmarks include the Dhakeshwari ["hidden goddess"] temple, from which the city's name probably derives; the Bara Katra palace (1644); the Lal Bagh fort (1678); several beautiful mosques; and the monumental National Assembly complex (1983) designed by Louis KahnKahn, Louis Isadore
, 1901–74, American architect, b. Estonia. He and his family moved to Philadelphia in 1905, and he later studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania. From the 1920s through World War II, Kahn worked on numerous housing projects including Carver Court (1944),
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. The Univ. of Dhaka (founded 1921) and other higher educational facilities and agriculture research institutes are also in the city.

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, Dacca
the capital of Bangladesh, in the E central part: capital of Bengal (1608--39; 1660--1704) and of East Pakistan (1949--71); jute and cotton mills; university (1921). Pop.: 12 560 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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A photographer's dream, Dhaka is full of exciting photo opportunities.
Her funeral prayers will be held today (Sunday) in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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The bus services -- Kolkata-Dhaka-Agartala and Dhaka-Shillong-Guwahati -- will link West Bengal to three North Eastern states of India via Bangaldeshi capital Dhaka. During the flag off ceremony on the first day of Modi's visit, he handed over a symbolic ticket of the Agartala-Dhaka-Kolkata service to Hasina and she handed overe a symbolic ticket of Dhaka-Shillong-Guwahati service to her Indian counterpart.
Stewart Adams, managing director, said, 'Dhaka is our first destination in Bangladesh, and the introduction of this service provides great opportunities to increase both business and consumer travel between Dhaka and Singapore.
The inauguration of flights to Dhaka, flydubai's 32nd destination, doubles this tally, further strengthening trade and tourism ties between the UAE and an important emerging economy in South Asia.
Etihad airways flight EY253 from Shahjalal International Airport in Dhaka to Abu Dhabi now departs daily at 05:10 am and 08:55 am, local Dhaka time.
Dhaka banned rickshaws from Mirpur Road in December, and the local transport board plans to restrict other major arteries soon.
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld is expected to arrive in Dhaka on Saturday for a short visit, a government source disclosed Wednesday.