Tao(redirected from Dhao)
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one of the most important categories of Chinese philosophy. The literal meaning of “tao” is “path.” Confucius and the early Confucians gave an ethical meaning to the term, interpreting it as “man’s path,” that is, moral conduct and the social order based on morality. In the philosophy of Taoism, the term “tao” has acquired an on-tological. rather than an ethical, meaning, which has come to signify both the original cause of the universe and its basis, the mysterious and unknowable regularity and wholeness of life. In the philosophy of neo-Confucianism, the term “tao” is usually identified with the term “li” (“principle”) and is counterposed to the material substratum ch’i. The founder of the rationalist system of neo-Confucianism, Chu Hsi, emphasized the identity of man’s tao with that of the surrounding world.
REFERENCESKonrad, N. I. “Filosofiia kitaiskogo Vozrozhdeniia.” In his book Zapad i Vostok. Moscow, 1966.
Bykov, P. S. Zarozhdenie obshchestvenno-politicheskoi ifilosofskoi mysli v Kitae. Moscow, 1966.
Fung Yu-lan. A History of Chinese Philosophy, vols. 1–2. Princeton, 1952–53.
V. A. RUBIN
track-at-onceTo record all the data on a CD-R disc one track at a time. The laser is turned off after each track, which produces a two-second gap. The track-at-once feature, which was added shortly after the first CD-R drives were introduced, enables songs and data to be written at different intervals. The lead-in sectors that are written at the beginning of each session contain the location where additional data can be placed on the disc.
For audio CDs, the session can be left open in order to mix songs from different sources, but it must be closed in order to play the disc. If the disc is closed, no more songs or data can be written to the medium. See disc-at-once and UDF.
|This dialog box from Adaptec's EZ CD Creator software shows disc-at-once and track-at-once options before "burning" a disc. The "Leave Session Open" option at the top is ghosted in this dialog, because a data CD has been selected. Were an audio CD being recorded, it would be an available option.|