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1. A Lisp dialect with concurrency, object-orientation and logic.

["Concurrent Programming in TAO - Practice and Experience", I. Takeuchi in Parallel Lisp: Languages and Systems, T. Ito et al eds, LNCS 441, Springer 1989, pp. 271-299].
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the most important categories of Chinese philosophy. The literal meaning of “tao” is “path.” Confucius and the early Confucians gave an ethical meaning to the term, interpreting it as “man’s path,” that is, moral conduct and the social order based on morality. In the philosophy of Taoism, the term “tao” has acquired an on-tological. rather than an ethical, meaning, which has come to signify both the original cause of the universe and its basis, the mysterious and unknowable regularity and wholeness of life. In the philosophy of neo-Confucianism, the term “tao” is usually identified with the term “li” (“principle”) and is counterposed to the material substratum ch’i. The founder of the rationalist system of neo-Confucianism, Chu Hsi, emphasized the identity of man’s tao with that of the surrounding world.


Konrad, N. I. “Filosofiia kitaiskogo Vozrozhdeniia.” In his book Zapad i Vostok. Moscow, 1966.
Bykov, P. S. Zarozhdenie obshchestvenno-politicheskoi ifilosofskoi mysli v Kitae. Moscow, 1966.
Fung Yu-lan. A History of Chinese Philosophy, vols. 1–2. Princeton, 1952–53.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


To record all the data on a CD-R disc one track at a time. The laser is turned off after each track, which produces a two-second gap. The track-at-once feature, which was added shortly after the first CD-R drives were introduced, enables songs and data to be written at different intervals. The lead-in sectors that are written at the beginning of each session contain the location where additional data can be placed on the disc.

For audio CDs, the session can be left open in order to mix songs from different sources, but it must be closed in order to play the disc. If the disc is closed, no more songs or data can be written to the medium. See disc-at-once and UDF.

CD-R Options
This dialog box from Adaptec's EZ CD Creator software shows disc-at-once and track-at-once options before "burning" a disc. The "Leave Session Open" option at the top is ghosted in this dialog, because a data CD has been selected. Were an audio CD being recorded, it would be an available option.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Dhao, who stayed close to Gaddafi throughout the siege, said that he and other aides repeatedly counseled the colonel to leave power or the country, but that the colonel and one of his sons, Muatassim, would not even consider the option.
Officials have confirmed that Gaddafi's security chief Mansour Dhao had been let in but insisted it was a humanitarian gesture.
The head of Qaddafi's security brigades, Mansour Dhao, along with more than 10 other Libyans, crossed into Niger on Sunday, two Niger officials had said earlier on Monday.
Air Scotland flights out of the Spanish airport were grounded after fuel bills were left unpaid when the airline's owner, Iraqi-born Dhao Al-Ani, sold his shares in the firm.