dharma

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dharma

(där`mə). In HinduismHinduism
, Western term for the religious beliefs and practices of the vast majority of the people of India. One of the oldest living religions in the world, Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it had no single founder but grew over a period of 4,000 years in
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, dharma is the doctrine of the religious and moral rights and duties of each individual; it generally refers to religious duty, but may also mean social order, right conduct, or simply virtue. Sacred law is the codification of dharma, and Hinduism itself is also called Sanatana Dharma [the eternal dharma]. In BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
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, dharma has two distinct meanings: it refers to religious truth, namely Buddhist teaching as the highest truth; it is also used as a technical term to denote a constituent element of experience, or any existing thing or phenomenon.

dharma

See CASTE.

Dharma

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Hindu understanding of the word "dharma" is difficult to translate. Roughly, it refers to the order of the world and the moral behavior of those in it. But that doesn't really capture its all-encompassing meaning. Hinduism is very comfortable with things that really can't be pinned down with a concise definition. After all, creation came before language, so it is only logical to think there are limitations in expression. Dharma includes all that there is, so it naturally follows that the basic concept of the word has fuzzy outer edges that can't quite be contained by scientific categories.

In Buddhism, however, the word is easier to grasp. The Buddha used the word to refer to the doctrine he taught, beginning with the Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Path, and the Middle Way (see Buddhism).

Dharma

 

a Sanskrit word used in the ancient and medieval literature of India to express very varied concepts, including law, religion, obligation, justice, soul, and custom. Of all these concepts, the basic one is that which refers to the group of religious, moral, social, and family obligations placed on a human being by the laws and customs of his varna and caste. The observance of these precepts supposedly secures the successful transmigration of the soul or even the freeing of the soul from the influence of karma. In Buddhist literature the word dharma meant above all the teaching of Buddha.

Dharma

multi-faceted concept of morality, truth, doctrine. [Hindu Rel.: Parrinder, 77]

dharma

1. Hinduism social custom regarded as a religious and moral duty
2. Hinduism
a. the essential principle of the cosmos; natural law
b. conduct that conforms with this
3. Buddhism ideal truth as set forth in the teaching of Buddha
References in periodicals archive ?
India is the country of Hindus alone and (Muslims and Christians) have no rights to live here," Dharm Jagran Samiti region head Singh was quoted as saying in the local media during a function held in Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh.
Summary: Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh) [India], September 7 (ANI): Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on Thursday unveiled the deity of Lord Hanuman at Navabganj's Deen Dayal Upadhyay Sanathan Dharm School in Kanpur.
The foundation of my personality is laid on the teachings of Swami Vivekananda or Sanatan Dharm or the Gita.
A SINGING group is holding a concert at The Sanatan Dharm Hindu Temple, in Mason Road, Foleshill, on Saturday in aid of victims.
of Drain from Snatan Dharm Mandir to Pamma narang (till shop of Raju) and Kewal chugh to Om Dhingra, Ward no 03, Kalanaur.
Jains across the state downed shutters while government employees took leave to join the protests," said Rajendra K Godha, convenor, Dharm Bachao Andolan Samiti, the organisation that held the massive march in Jaipur.
Akal Takht jathedar, Giani Gurbachan Singh on Saturday directed the Dharm Parchar Committee to ensure that the word "Patshahi" is only used with the name of first Sikh master Guru Nanak Dev to Sri Guru Granth Sahib and not by any individual.
Cllr Sucha Bains and his wife Darshan will visit the Sanatan Dharm Hindu Temple in Mason Road, Foleshill.
For speculation regarding the absence of documentary evidence in the religions of Punjab, see Roger Ballard's "Panth, Kismet, Dharm te Qaum: Continuity and Change in Four Dimensions of Punjabi Religion," in Globalization and the Region: Explorations in Punjabi Identity, ed.
A large part of cross-section and time-series variability in the incidence of poverty in India is associated with the price of food staples: the Dharm Narain hypothesis [Mellor and Desal (1986)].