Dialect Dictionary

Dialect Dictionary

 

(in Russian, oblastnoislovar’), a dictionary containing a more or less complete listing of words used in folk dialects; such words have not been accepted into the national literary language.

A dialect dictionary may be described as a dialectal lexicon compiled in the territory in which a given language is spoken (for example, An Experimental Dialect Dictionary of Great Russian, 1852; V. I. Dai’s Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language, parts 1–4, 1863–66; and the Dictionary of Russian Folk Dialects, fases. 1–10, 1965–74). Some dialect dictionaries are the dialectal lexicons of a consirable portion of the territory in which a language is spoken (for example, A. I. Podvysotskii’s Dictionary of the Dialect of Arkhangelsk Region in Its Everyday and Ethnological Application, 1885). Others cover the territory of a single dialect (for example, the Dictionary of Contemporary Russian Folk Dialect, 1969).

The lexicon of a dialect dictionary is based on the differential principle—that is, the presence of differential characteristics, which may be expressed as differences either in the external phonetic form of words or in their semantics.

I. A. OSSOVETSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Among the topics are markers of subjectivity and evaluative phraseology in blogs, syntactic variation and lexical preference in the dative-shift alternation, how Joseph Wright's English Dialect Dictionary can be used as a corpus, automatically exploring lexical tendencies in English, the transitive out of -ing in American English, and the persistence of ambiguous linguistic contexts over time and their implications for corpus research on micro-changes.
However busy with administrative tasks, Tuomi never neglected the dialect dictionary, his life's most central obligation trusted to him by the last Board of the Dictionary Fund, consisting of Lauri Posti, Lauri Hakulinen and Kustaa Vilkuna.
The American Dialect Dictionary (Wentworth 1944: 692-693), in turn, provides both nineteenth and twentieth century examples of positive and negative nonstandard were from Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia, and Florida.
Joseph Wright, The English Dialect Dictionary, Oxford, 1896-1905
Pat Whitham of Shepley has added to the delightful confusion by sending me a copy of the dialect dictionary Chelp And Chunter by Ian McMillan (Collins, pounds 5.
WORDS in the Mid-Northumbrian Dialect dictionary include:
The word is defined in The English Dialect Dictionary as "to snarl as a dog, to look savage, to distort the countenance," while the Oxford English Dictionary suggests the derivation may originally be Scottish, related to "grin".
COMPUTER giant Microsoft has created a Geordie dialect dictionary for its popular Word programme.
My dialect dictionary tells me that Brahma was a word brought back by soldiers serving in India, but I don't see an obvious connection between the Hindu god and a clever gadget.
A check with Wright's Dialect Dictionary revealed that it was normally spelled kerf, was related to the slot made by a saw cutting through a branch, and in the hoe meaning and curf spelling was confined to Herefordshire and Worcestershire.
Karlgren faithfully recorded this as khien in his dialect dictionary but did not remark on the contradiction that this implied for his theory.
Even Ray Brothwood, from nearby Tipton's Civic Society, had to check a Black Country dialect dictionary.