Dialect Dictionary

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dialect Dictionary

 

(in Russian, oblastnoislovar’), a dictionary containing a more or less complete listing of words used in folk dialects; such words have not been accepted into the national literary language.

A dialect dictionary may be described as a dialectal lexicon compiled in the territory in which a given language is spoken (for example, An Experimental Dialect Dictionary of Great Russian, 1852; V. I. Dai’s Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language, parts 1–4, 1863–66; and the Dictionary of Russian Folk Dialects, fases. 1–10, 1965–74). Some dialect dictionaries are the dialectal lexicons of a consirable portion of the territory in which a language is spoken (for example, A. I. Podvysotskii’s Dictionary of the Dialect of Arkhangelsk Region in Its Everyday and Ethnological Application, 1885). Others cover the territory of a single dialect (for example, the Dictionary of Contemporary Russian Folk Dialect, 1969).

The lexicon of a dialect dictionary is based on the differential principle—that is, the presence of differential characteristics, which may be expressed as differences either in the external phonetic form of words or in their semantics.

I. A. OSSOVETSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(3) Skeat's work in dialect includes studies of place names, the Etymological English Dietionary (1879-82), Specimens of English Dialects (1879), and Nine Specimens of English Dialects (1895); he contributed significantly to the English Dialect Dictionary (ed.
EDD English Dialect Dictionary, J Wright, 1905 FacebkFacebook, online social networking site [Net]
Among the topics are markers of subjectivity and evaluative phraseology in blogs, syntactic variation and lexical preference in the dative-shift alternation, how Joseph Wright's English Dialect Dictionary can be used as a corpus, automatically exploring lexical tendencies in English, the transitive out of -ing in American English, and the persistence of ambiguous linguistic contexts over time and their implications for corpus research on micro-changes.
However busy with administrative tasks, Tuomi never neglected the dialect dictionary, his life's most central obligation trusted to him by the last Board of the Dictionary Fund, consisting of Lauri Posti, Lauri Hakulinen and Kustaa Vilkuna.
The American Dialect Dictionary (Wentworth 1944: 692-693), in turn, provides both nineteenth and twentieth century examples of positive and negative nonstandard were from Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia, and Florida.
--Joseph Wright, The English Dialect Dictionary, Oxford, 1896-1905 After setting a meeting for July In Manhattan, I snapped shut my cell And thanked God for creating high Temperatures and the glorious hell Of humidity, because I would soon Walk along Fifth Avenue at noon, And witness, as Esquire once noted In an issue completely devoted To "The Women We Love," the New York Summer run of halter tops and wrap- Around dresses.
Pat Whitham of Shepley has added to the delightful confusion by sending me a copy of the dialect dictionary Chelp And Chunter by Ian McMillan (Collins, pounds 5.99).
WORDS in the Mid-Northumbrian Dialect dictionary include:
The word is defined in The English Dialect Dictionary as "to snarl as a dog, to look savage, to distort the countenance," while the Oxford English Dictionary suggests the derivation may originally be Scottish, related to "grin".
COMPUTER giant Microsoft has created a Geordie dialect dictionary for its popular Word programme.
The difference between a dialect dictionary (or a dictionary of a non-standardised language) and a spellcheck for word processors, however, is that the very purpose of the latter (and its only purpose) is to check and, if applicable, correct the spelling of a writer according to a given standard--which, in the case of Scots, does not exist yet.
The English Dialect Dictionary: Being the Complete Vocabulary of All Dialect Words Still in Use, of Known to Have Been in Use during the Last Two Hundred Years.