Dianin, Aleksandr

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dianin, Aleksandr Pavlovich


Born Apr. 8 (20), 1851, in the village of Davydovo, present-day Vladimir Ob-last; died Dec. 6, 1918, in Petrograd. Russian organic chemist. Graduated from the St. Petersburg Academy of Medicine and Surgery. Student of A. P. Borodin and his successor in the department of chemistry (1887-1916) at the academy.

Dianin established that monatomic phenols become diatomic upon oxidation. He also discovered the condensation reaction between ketones and phenols, which has come to be widely used.


“O prevrashchenii fenolov v difenoly putem okisleniia.” Zhurnal Russkogo fiziko-khimicheskogo obshchestva: Chast’ khimicheskaia, 1882, vol. 14, fasc. 3.


Dianin, S. A., and A. D. Petrov. “Aleksandr Pavlovich Dianin.” In Materialy po istorii otechestvennoi khimii: Sb. dokladov na Vtorom vsesoiuznom soveshchanii po istorii otechestvennoi khimii 21–26 aprelia 1951. Moscow, 1953. Pages 97–104.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.