Dictyosomes | Article about Dictyosomes by The Free Dictionary
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one of the forms of the Golgi complex. Most often the designation dictyosomes or golgiosomes is given only to the Golgi complex of plant cells or cells of invertebrates in which it is represented by formations that are dispersed throughout the cytoplasm, that is, are diffuse. Sometimes the separate elements of the Golgi complex of cells of vertebrates are also called dictyosomes. The functions of dictyosomes are associated with condensation of protein substances and polymerization of carbohydrates.
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During this stage many GTs have cells with dense and dark cytoplasm, showing increased amounts of rough endoplasmic reticulum and active dictyosomes
In addition to lacking mitochondria, dictyosomes
, and non-microtubular cytoskeletal structures, this species has some ultrastructural peculiarities including paired nuclei and basal bodies that lack the triplets of microtubules which characterize basal bodies in almost all other cells (10).
The origin of this population of vesicles is the endomembrane system, specifically the dictyosomes
(Derksen & Emons, 1990).
In colleters of the innermost stipule pair (P3) the cells have thin walls; dense cytoplasm; large nuclei; numerous mitochondria with well-developed cristae; dictyosomes
and smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) (Fig.