Didymus Chalcenterus


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Didymus (Δίδυμος)
BirthplaceAlexandria(?)
Occupation
grammarian

Didymus Chalcenterus

(dĭd`ĭməs kălsĕn`tərəs), fl. 1st cent. B.C., Hellenistic Greek grammarian and expositor. Famous for his prodigious literary output, he supposedly produced over 3,500 works. He collated much of the work of the Alexandrian critics, and though only fragments of his own work are extant, he is probably the source of many surviving classical commentaries.
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As a consequence it has been ascribed at least in part to, among others, Zosimus,(6) Didymus Chalcenterus,(7) Caecilius Calactinus,(8) or Proclus.(9)
The word explanations in Clement match those in Porphyry closely, but Clement's text has a richness that Porphyry's has lost to the excerptor and that is evidently due to Clement's source, the grammarian Didymus Chalcenterus, whom he names at 357, 8 and refers back to with [Greek text Omitted] at 357, 12.(65) In addition to the abundance of literary citations, so characteristic of Didymus, and the tendency to prefer the usage ([Greek text omitted]) of the ancients to meanings derived from etymology, typical of Alexandrian grammarians, the polemical tone which recurs throughout the passage(66) seems to me to indicate that Didymus is responsible for the whole of the passage under discussion.