Karl Kraus

(redirected from Die Fackel)

Kraus, Karl

 

Born Apr. 28, 1874, in Gitschin, now Jičín, Czechoslovakia; died June 12, 1936, in Vienna. Austrian writer, publicist, and philologist.

In 1897, Kraus wrote a satirical lampoon, “Destroyed Literature,” against the Viennese decadents. He published and edited the journal Die Fackel (1899–1936), in which he carried on polemics with bourgeois philosophical, political, and aesthetic ideas. He published many essays and articles on literature and language and collections of satirical feuilletons and aphorisms about international and Austrian life. His major work was the philosophical antiwar drama The Last Days of Mankind (1918–19). In his lampoon “The Invincible Ones” (1928), Kraus glorified the Viennese workers who, in the summer of 1927, stormed a reactionary law court. Kraus’ verse, written in the spirit of Goethe’s philosophical lyric poetry, often approached the impressionist poetry of C. Morgenstern and D. von Liliencron. His style is filled with metaphors and contrasts.

WORKS

Werke, vols. [1–9]. Munich, 1955–61.

REFERENCES

Iggers, W. A. Karl Kraus: A Viennese Critic of the Twentieth Century. The Hague, 1967. (Bibliography, pp. 230–45.)
Engelmann, P. Dem Andenken an Karl Kraus. Vienna [1967].
Kuhn, C. Karl Kraus als Lyriker. Paris, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kraus was far from alone in this, and there was a whole host of writers and thinkers who recognized the need for the ethical critique that Kraus subjected the monarchy's society and culture to in the pages of his satirical journal, Die Fackel.
Kraus, especially through the publication of a literary and political review, Die Fackel (The Torch), offered critical, satirical, and sometimes brutal commentary on fin de siecle Vienna, leading up to the rise of German fascism.
His primary vehicle, the magazine Die Fackel (The Torch), was both the toast and scorn of Austria.
His vicious attacks on prominent citizens, his unscrupulous gossip mongering and shameless attention seeking prompted the Austrian writer Karl Kraus to launch a ferocious counterattack in his journal Die Fackel (The Torch).
Benjamin and Scholem Read Die Fackel," Reitter explores why Kraus figured for both as a "profoundly Jewish phenomenon.
The collection takes us to the beginnings of Karl Kraus's obsessive campaign against Heine and his reputation, on which Goltschnigg is now the foremost expert (see his Die Fackel ins wunde Herz: Kraus uber Heine.
Una decision que me parece que tomaron, a pesar de mi profunda ignorancia sobre un tema que ellas han estudiado tanto y por mucho tiempo, porque saben bien que soy una lectora compulsiva de aforismos, una mania que comenzo cuando llegaron a mis manos, en la decada de los ochenta, los aforismos de Lichtenberg, para mi, el mas grande aforista, y al que creo solo se le ha aproximado Karl Kraus, el celebre editor del periodico Die Fackel ("La antorcha'"), quien supo usar al lenguaje como una poderosa arma para denunciar la decadencia de la cultura bajo el imperio de los Habsburgo.
THE GERMAN satirical magazine Simplicissimus (1896-1944), like its contemporaries Die Fackel in Austria and L'Assiette au beurre in France, used black humor to discuss the political and social issues of the times--in the case at hand, the differing approaches to colonialism by various European nation-states.
The final Ewig-Weibliche quote comes from an aphoristic sketch Altenberg published in Die Fackel in response to one of Frank Wedekind's "Lulu" plays, Erdgeist (x895).
De 1899 a 1936, Kraus publico en Viena el boletin Die fackel, que no era otra cosa que un diario sobre los diarios.
The pale figure of death appears with a torch: "Und manchmal da drehet / Die Fackel er um" [And then sometimes he turns / The torch upside down] (Eichendorff ,Werke, Vol.