Stoddart et al., "Active control of silver nanoparticles spacing using dielectrophoresis
for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Analytical Chemistry, vol.
(23.) Pethig R, Markx GH: Applications of dielectrophoresis
Flandre, "Resonant dielectrophoresis
and electrohydrodynamics for high-sensitivity impedance detection of whole-cell bacteria," Lab on a Chip, vol.
 Nonstandard abbreviations: CTC, circulating tumor cell; EpCAM, epithelial cell adhesion molecule; EMT, epithelial-mesenchymal transition; DEP, dielectrophoresis
Wang et al., "Continuous-flow sorting of stem cells and differentiation products based on dielectrophoresis
," Lab on a Chip, vol.
6,686,842) can detect a human or other living subject from as far as 500 meters away via the product's "polarization unit" using an "electrokinetic effect" and "dielectrophoresis
": "The operator scans the locator device in a constant speed uniform linear motion back and forth.
Among active single-cell trapping schemes, dielectrophoresis
is the most commonly used method, which confines cells via their inducible electric dipoles in an electric field gradient, featured with selective cellular capture and release [14-16].
Ahn, "The synthesis of ZnO nanowires and their subsequent use in high-current field-effect transistors formed by dielectrophoresis
alignment," Physica E, vol.
The researchers collected blood samples from 167 participants in the trial and isolated CTCs using dielectrophoresis
(DEP), AC Electroosmosis (ACEO) and Electrothermal Effects (ETE) .
For the experimental characterization of individual cells, non-invasive AC electrokinetic techniques such as electrorotation (ER), dielectrophoresis
(DEP) and electroorientation (EO) are used, whereas for biological cell suspensions the dielectric spectroscopy (DS) technique is generally applied [3-6].
The emphasis is on simulating direct-current electrokinetic phenomena such as electroosmosis, electrophoresis, dielectrophoresis
, and induced-charge electrokinetics; these phenomena have been widely used to manipulate fluids and particles in microfluidic and nanofluidic devices for various applications.