Diesel Fuel


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Diesel Fuel: diesel fuel additives

diesel fuel

[′dē·zəl ‚fyül]
(materials)
Fuel used for internal combustion in diesel engines; usually that fraction of crude oil that distills after kerosine.

Diesel Fuel

 

a liquid petroleum fuel used in diesel engines. Two groups of diesel fuels are produced: distillate low-viscosity fuels used in high-speed boosted diesels and high-viscosity residual fuels used in slow-speed diesels.

Distillate diesel fuels are produced by using kerosine-gas-oil fractions from direct petroleum refining and to some degree (up to 20 percent) gas oils from catalytic cracking. Fuel for slow-speed diesels is produced from a mixture of fuel oils and the kerosine-gas-oil fractions of petroleum.

Table 1. Distillate fuels
FuelViscosity at 20°C
(centistokes)1
Centane numberSulfur content
(percent)
Congealing temperature (°C)Flash point (°C)
1 1 stoke = 10 m2/sec * Viscosity at 50°C
Motor vehicle and tractor fuels
Low sulfur content:
DA (arctic)...............
2.5-4.0400.2-6035
DZ (winter)...............3.5-6.0400.2-4550
DL (summer)...............3.5-8.0450.2-1060
DS (special)...............2.5-4.0 2500.2-1590
High sulfur content:
A (arctic)...............
1.5-2.5450.4-5530
Z (winter)...............2.2-3.2450.6-3535
L (summer)...............3.0-6.0451.0-1040
S (special)...............4.5-6.0501.0-1590
Locomotive and ship engine fuels
TZ (winter)...............2.2-5.0450.5-3540
TL (summer)...............3.5-6.5450.5-1065

Tables 1 and 2 show the basic properties of diesel fuels produced in the USSR.

Table 2. Residual fuels
FuelViscosity at 50°C
(centistokes)
Cokeability
(percent
)
Sulfur content
(percent
)
Congealing temperature
(°C
)
Flash point
(°C
)
DT...............363.00.5-1-5-565
DM...............15010.03.01085

REFERENCES

Nefteprodukty: Spravochnik. Edited by B. V. Losikov. Moscow, 1966.
Tekhnicheskie usloviia na nefteprodukty. Moscow, 1969.

N. G. PUCHKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
To meet its goals, the initiative relies heavily on new technology diesel engines and bio-based diesel fuels.
Supplies of regular gasoline are also spotty, but more readily available than diesel fuel.
It demonstrates that our Clean Boost LE Diesel Fuel Treatment reduces both NOx and particulate emissions -- without negatively impacting fuel consumption and now can be used in any diesel fuel.
1 -- color) Truck driver Mike Downs would like to see more effort go into creating alternative diesel fuels, as rising prices are narrowing the margins on his business.
It may also be advisable to perform more testing to determine an optimum amount of diesel fuel to be used in this blend, which may also affect rutting results.
34 credits ranging from $37,069-$169,984 on account of off-highway diesel fuel use at oil drilling sites.
Ordinary diesel fuel is a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules of differing lengths and structures.
In addition, diesel engines are almost twice as efficient as gasoline engines, and diesel fuel is less likely to catch fire.
The drafters of this arrangement apparently envisioned that registered ultimate vendors would sell to government and farm users without charging them the tax; thus, these users would purchase their diesel fuel free of tax as under prior law.
ESI Total Fuel Management, the leader in Diesel Fuel Quality Systems Management[TM], responded successfully to maintain diesel fuel deliveries on demand to new and existing customers in Virginia, Maryland and Washington, D.
Citrus County Board of County Commissioners invites interested parties to submit a Bid to provide necessary equipment and personnel to deliver approximately 1,600 gallons of off road diesel fuel (red dye) per week to the fuel dispensing tanks located at the Citrus County Central Landfill, 230 W.
Even Russia does not have such diesel fuel prices like in Kyrgyzstan, Agriculture Minister Torogul Bekov said today.

Full browser ?