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tropical tree (genus Cola) of the family Sterculiaceae (sterculiasterculia
, common name for some members of the Sterculiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of tropical and subtropical regions. The most important members of the family are the cacao, source of cocoa and chocolate, and the cola, the caffeine-rich seeds of which are used
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 family), native to Africa but now grown in other tropical regions. The fruit is a pod containing seeds from which is obtained caffeinecaffeine
, odorless, slightly bitter alkaloid found in coffee, tea, kola nuts (see cola), ilex plants (the source of the Latin American drink maté), and, in small amounts, in cocoa (see cacao). It can also be prepared synthetically from uric acid.
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, an alkaloid that functions as a stimulant. Cola nuts are chewed by the local populations and are exported for commercial use in soft drinks and medicines. Colas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Sterculiaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Sterculiaceae. They are evergreen trees, measuring up to 20 m tall. The small bell-shaped flowers are gathered into panicles. The fruit is a leathery or woody aggregate follicle with four or five carpels. There are approximately 125 species in tropical Africa. Several species, including Cola nitida and C. acuminata, are cultivated in the tropics, predominantly in West Africa. Their seeds, or kola nuts, which measure approximately 3 cm in diameter, contain up to 2.5 percent caffeine and 0.05 percent theobromine. The nuts are used in medicine and to make stimulating beverages (such as Coca-Cola).


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
Bodard, M. Contribution à l’étude systématique du genre Cola en Afrique Occidentale. Dakar, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Cola acuminata. A tree of the sterculia family (Sterculiaceae) cultivated for cola nuts, the seeds of the fruit; extract of cola nuts is used in the manufacture of soft drinks.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, kola
1. either of two tropical sterculiaceous trees, Cola nitida or C. acuminata, widely cultivated in tropical regions for their seeds (see cola nut)
2. a sweet carbonated drink flavoured with cola nuts
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
have introduced new diet colas in an appeal to consumers looking for more healthful beverage choices.
PepsiCo Inc., meanwhile, has announced its own enhanced diet cola. Diet Pepsi Max, due to be launched in June, contains ginseng and extra caffeine and is aimed at young people who like energy drinks and high-caffeine sodas, but worry about calories.
She reported that she drank large quantities of diet cola and some orange juice daily and that she used cinnamon-flavored toothpaste and mouthwash nightly.
Euromonitor foresees that the pursuit of healthier lifestyles will lead to a 12% fall in regular cola sales that will be more than compensated for by a 24% jump in diet cola sales.
Similar results were found for diet cola and decaffeinated cola (although that link was weaker), according to the study in the October 2006 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
I write as someone who spilt some diet cola on a painted table this week; 24 hours later, I looked at the table and it appeared to have been blow- torched.
Mike pulled it off with flying colors--shrinking from 212 pounds to 160--and placed second at this year's Old Man Bowl Jam, earning a three-liter of generic diet cola. recent weeks I've witnessed him whipping out hot moves like kickflip 50-50s on the pyramid ledge and ollies down the eight-stair at the new Zero park--stunts the fat Sinclair would have never done.
Datamonitor figures show that the market for diet cola in Europe will show steady growth over the next five years, while the market for standard cola is expected to show more conservative growth--a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.6% over the same time period.
And in America's Next Top Cruise, a fish tank bubbles with store-bought diet cola. Bouchet's own version of the drink, My Cola Light, is the medium for a set of paintings (classified by the press release as "an interior cola sculpture") titled Long & Skinny, one of which is an enlargement of the nutritional information (riddled with zeros) found on the side of a diet cola can; the others depict logos complete with test-marketed names that convey no concrete information.
"Island Breeze will revolutionize the spirits industry, doing what the first lite beer did to the beer industry and what the first diet cola did to the soft drink industry," says Alfredo Piedra, chairman of global new product development.