Dietrich Bonhoeffer

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer
BirthplaceBreslau, Silesia Province, Prussia
EducationDoctorate in theology

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (dēˈtrĭkh bônˈhöfər), 1906–45, German Protestant theologian. Bonhoeffer, influenced early by the thinking of the young Karl Barth, urged a conformation to the form of Jesus as the suffering servant in a total commitment of the self to the lives of others. His ethical thinking led him to become an outspoken leader in the breakaway Confessing Church in Germany that openly declared its theological oppositon to Nazism in the Barmen Declaration of 1934. After the state cracked down on the church, Bonhoeffer continued his ministry underground and eventually became involved in the plot to assassinate Hitler; he was imprisoned for two years and hanged for his role in the plot. His writings, which have had considerable influence on postwar ethics and theology, include The Cost of Discipleship (tr. 1948), Prisoner for God: Letters and Papers from Prison (tr. 1953), and Ethics (tr. 1965).


See M. F. Marty, Dietrich Bonhoeffer's Letters and Papers from Prison: A Biography (2011); biographies by A. Dumas (1971), E. Bethge (rev. tr. 1999), E. Metaxas (2010), and C. Marsh (2014); studies by L. Rasmussen (1989), R. Wind (1992), and E. Sifton and F. Stern (2014).

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References in periodicals archive ?
An early proponent of ecumenism, he came to believe that the Christian church "should stand or fall by its response to the Jewish question," no matter Caption: --Newscom/akg-images Dietrich Bonhoeffer in the courtyard of the prison in Berlin-Tegel in 1944
Williams, Reggie L., 2011, Christ-centered Empathic Resistance, the Influence of Harlem Renaissance Theology on the Incamational Ethics of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, dissertation Fuller School of Theology.
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Dietrich Bonhoeffer, who opposed the evils of the Nazi regime in Hitler's Germany, was executed because of his resistance in 1945.
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The leader was 30-year-old Dietrich Bonhoeffer. By then he had written a fashionably pretentious doctoral dissertation, had been to Rome, Barcelona, New York, Cuba, and Mexico, and even served a German church in London.
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We may admire the bravery of the White Rose and sympathize with the moral evolution of Dietrich Bonhoeffer as he moved from principled Christian pacifist to attempted assassin of Hitler.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945) descended from a long line of pastors, mayors, deans, doctors, councilors and goldsmiths.