Georges Dieulafoy

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Dieulafoy, Georges

 

Born Nov. 18, 1839, in Toulouse; died Aug. 16, 1911, in Paris. French therapeutist. Member (from 1890) and president (from 1910) of the French Medical Academy.

Dieulafoy graduated from the University of Paris in 1869, where he later (from 1887) was a professor and head of the faculty of internal pathology. In 1896 he was appointed the head of the faculty of clinical medicine in the Hotel Dieu hospital in Paris. He is the author of a classic four-volume manual of internal pathology (translated into six languages) and of a six-volume collection of lectures on the clinical treatment of internal diseases. In 1869, Dieulafoy invented the aspirator, a suction device widely used in the treatment of pleurisy to extract exudates and transudates.

WORKS

Rukovodstvo k vnutrenneipatologii, vols. 1–4. St. Petersburg, 1899. (Translated [from French].)
Klinicheskie lektsii, chitannye v 1897–1898 godakh v Hotel Dieu v Parizhe. St. Petersburg, 1900. (Translated from French.)

REFERENCE

Widal, F., L. Landouzy, and M. Mesureur. A la mémoire du professeur Dieulafoy. Paris, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diabetes mellitus was encountered significantly more often in patients with Dieulafoy lesion compared to the control group.
A previous study showed that chronic drinking damages gastric mucosa of animals, increasing the risk of Dieulafoy lesion formation ([35]).
(2012) Rectal dieulafoy lesion managed by hemostatic clips.
(2014) Endoscopic ultrasound-guided therapy of a rectal Dieulafoy lesion. Endoscopy 46: E84-85.
(14.) Stanes A, Mackay S (2016) Dieulafoy lesion of the gallbladder presenting with bleeding and a pseudo-mirizzi syndrome: A case report and review of the literature.
Kim et al., "Risk factors for dieulafoy lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract," Clinical Endoscopy, vol.
Endoscopy is gold standard in the diagnosis of Dieulafoy lesion. The endoscopic diagnostic criteria of Dieulafoy lesion are as follows: (1) normal mucosa around the small defected mucosal lesion which has active pulsative bleeding smaller than 3 mm, (2) the presence of protruded vein, and (3) the observation of fresh clot attached to mucosal defect [5, 8].
The risk of recurrent bleeding of the Dieulafoy lesion has been reported as 9-40% [5, 9].
Considering that there might be Dieulafoy lesion in patients with massive gastrointestinal bleeding and occult bleedings, like in the case of the patient in the present study, the application of endoscopic methods must be primarily preferred in diagnosis and treatment.
Raju, "Jejunal Dieulafoy lesion with massive lower intestinal bleeding," International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol.
Macroscopically, dormant colonic Dieulafoy lesion appears like a pseudopolyp at colonoscopy.
Management and long-term prognosis of Dieulafoy lesion. Gastrointest Endosc.