archive

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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of maintaining the folder structure in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for distribution. Depending on the type of data, the compression algorithm may reduce the files a lot or a little; however, the size reduction is often not important. It is the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain in the same computer, the word "archive" implies data retention, and archived data is often stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
"To the Glenbard North and Carol Stream community that have read our issues, supported us, and allowed us to keep printing issues through funds and donations, may this digital archive and its purpose of preserving history and memories be a token of our appreciation and service," Lara said.
The Arabian Gulf Digital Archive, therefore, reveals how development became a means for different countries to compete for influence in the Gulf.
The Indigenous Digital Archive is here to help you explore the history of US goverment Indian boarding schools in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Digital Archives utilizes a simple discovery tool with which users may search by keyword and date.
Other forms of archive, such as the modern bureaucratic archive and community archive, share certain characteristics with each other and with the digital archive. However, they differ in their inherent temporality.
"The Perry records were really what gave us the launch pad," Chubb said, adding that the agency had been trying to get funding for a digital archive for more than a decade but struggled to get traction with state budget-writers.
Professor Pete Wright, from Culture Lab, said: "This is a great opportunity to push forward our research agenda on enhancing public experience of digital archives through working with two great organisations.
We are working steadily towards the creation of a world-class digital archive that captures some of the most important historical moments in the UAE's history across print, radio and TV.
This will build on the first phase of the project, and bring ADM closer to achieving a comprehensive digital archive that preserves both the company's and the nation's historical media assets, it said.
The online digital archive is free for users who can search documents and news on select subjects by entering key words in the search at the website.
London, Mar 28 ( ANI ): Thousands of documents, photographs and videos of South Africa's first black president Nelson Mandela have been placed online in a mass digital archive.
Torrance, CA, January 22, 2011 --(PR.com)-- Digital Archive, an EDMS and e-discovery software services company located in Long Beach, CA, has announced an alliance with Hot Neuron LLC, an information retrieval software and services company.

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