Dilantin


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Dilantin

(dī`lăntĭn), trade name for diphenylhydantoin, an anticonvulsant drug. The first nonsedative antiepileptic agent, it is still widely used to control the grand mal type of epilepsyepilepsy,
a chronic disorder of cerebral function characterized by periodic convulsive seizures. There are many conditions that have epileptic seizures. Sudden discharge of excess electrical activity, which can be either generalized (involving many areas of cells in the brain)
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. It is also useful against types of psychomotor epilepsy, i.e., epilepsy involving bizarre patterns of movement. In some cases Dilantin, in combination with phenobarbital, a barbituratebarbiturate
, any one of a group of drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. High doses depress both nerve and muscle activity and inhibit oxygen consumption in the tissues. In low doses barbiturates act as sedatives, i.e.
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, is more effective than either drug used alone.
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The lower court found that "the proper procedure for the intravenous infusion of Dilantin, and the appropriate course of action to take in the event of infiltration, was not within the common knowledge of laypersons.
For example, administration tips were designed into the software to alert nurses that Dilantin IV should be administered slowly.
Tests such as "protimes and therapeutic drug levels for drugs such as Vancomycin, Gentamycin, Dilantin, and Digoxin, must be performed quickly with the results returned to the physician within the same day," he pointed out.
"The drug I'm on now because of the brain job, Dilantin, means you can't take cocaine any more, which is fine for me.
He alleged that Mary McKenzie, a Registered Nurse at the facility, tried to kill him with an overdose of Dilantin. Walker alleged that he did not receive adequate medical care to address his condition.
This can lead to a phenomenon called "decompensation." If an epileptic has been controlling his seizures with Dilantin and suddenly breaks off, he may soon experience his worst grand mal seizure yet.
HIV+ patients taking Kaletra to treat HIV who are also taking Dilantin (phenytoin) may need to adjust their doses or even change their reeds.
SUMMARY: Phenytoin (diphenylhydantoin, dilantin) has been the chosen anti-convulsive for the treatment of sudden disorders since the late 1930's.
In addition, gingival overgrowth--when gums become swollen and "grow over" teeth, allowing bacteria to accumulate--can result from taking any of nearly 20 different drugs, including phenytoin (Dilantin) and nifedipine (Procardia).
* Phenytoin (Dilantin): rhythmic jerking motions of eyes
Dilantin is not frequently used for seizures, and that is a good thing, Dr.
Less commonly, other drugs such as phenytoin (Dilantin), amitriptyline, and lithium may cause or aggravate sinus node problems.