dimer

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dimer

Chem
a. a molecule composed of two identical simpler molecules (monomers)
b. a compound consisting of dimers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

dimer

[′dī·mər]
(chemistry)
A molecule that results from a chemical combination of two entities of the same species, for example, the chlorine molecule (Cl2) or cyanogen (NCCN).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
RXR can form heterodimers with about 15 other different receptor proteins such as the vitamin D receptor and PPARs (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors), and thus control gene expression following interaction (dimerisation) with a whole variety of ligands.
Carboxymethylation, leading to the break down of the dimerisation products resulted in a lesser dense band at 200-250 kDa, and a higher density band at 70-100 kDa in our experiments.
There is no identified ligand for HER2, which is the preferred dimerisation partner for the other ErbB receptors [11].
Chemical properties related to unsaturated centres: Hydrogenation; Oxidation through reaction with oxygen; Biological oxidation; Other oxidation reactions; Halogenation; Stereomutation; Metathesis; Double bond migration and cyclisation; Dimerisation (dimer acids, isostearic acid, estolides, Guerbet alcohols and acids); Neighbouring group participation; Friedel-Crafts acylation and related reactions.
CD14 forms a dimer with the dimerisation interface at the C-terminal end and LPS-binding pockets at the N-terminal end [33].
Furthermore, they characteristically harbour a bZIP domain composed of two structural features: a DNA-binding basic region and the leucine-zipper dimerisation region.
Durand, and T Nicolai, "The effect of temperature and ionic strength on the dimerisation of [beta]-lactoglobulin," International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol.
p[K.sub.a1] and p[K.sub.a2] values for [[Pd(MME)([H.sub.2][O.sub.2])].sup.2+] were found to be 5.29 and 767, respectively The equilibrium constant value of the dimerisation reaction, given in (5) and calculated by (6), is 2.83:
"One way would be, for instance, to design molecules that specifically stop MITF dimerisation in melanocytes.
Binding of oestrogen to the ER results in ER phosphorylation, dimerisation and recruitment of coactivator proteins to the oestrogen-bound receptor complex [3].
Current avenues of translational research include EGFR copy number [12], immune response [13], KRAS mutational status [14], high-affinity EGFR distribution [15] and EGFR dimerisation patterns [16].