dimer

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Related to Dimerizes: Heterodimeric, Dimerisation

dimer

Chem
a. a molecule composed of two identical simpler molecules (monomers)
b. a compound consisting of dimers

dimer

[′dī·mər]
(chemistry)
A molecule that results from a chemical combination of two entities of the same species, for example, the chlorine molecule (Cl2) or cyanogen (NCCN).
References in periodicals archive ?
(b) Insertion of an engineered GFP (pdDronpa) that dimerizes in the dark and prevents DNA binding.
It is also evident that missense mutations with a dominant negative effect, where the abnormal receptors dimerize with the wild types, result in a higher degree of hypercalcemia and a more severe phenotype than nonsense mutations producing considerably abnormal transcripts (16,17).
The core of the transactivator consists of the well-characterized Ga14 DNA-binding domain fused to VVD, which contains a light-oxygen-voltage (LOV) domain that dimerizes upon blue-light illumination.
Upon binding to androgens, Hsp dissociates and releases AR from this complex, which further dimerizes and then translocates to the nucleus [27].
The zwitterion (2) generally dimerizes to form 6 or polymerizes when 3 is a ketone, less susceptible to nucleophilic attack [11].
HIF-1[alpha] translocates to the nucleus, dimerizes with HIF-1[beta], and binds to hypoxia response elements, which contain the erythropoietin (EPO) gene enhancer [16, 17].
This protein is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor superfamily, which, when activated by ligand binding, dimerizes and regulates intracellular signal transduction through the mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathways.
(59),60) On the other hand, we have found that diaminosilylene 63 generated by the photolysis of silacyclopropene 64 is marginally stable in solution and dimerizes to the corrresponding disilene-type dimer 65 at low temperature (eq [27]).
Then HIF-1[beta] rapidly accumulates, dimerizes with HIF-1[beta], translocates into the nucleus and activates the transcription of genes that control angiogenesis, glucose metabolism, cell proliferation and survival, metastasis and drug resistance [98].
The reduction was thought to proceed by initial formation of the radical anion which subsequently dimerizes.
NOS is a heme protein that exists in its inactive form as a monomer, but dimerizes before action.