Dmitri Shostakovich

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Shostakovich, Dmitri

(dyĭmē`trē shŏstŏkô`vĭch), 1906–75, Russian composer, b. St. Petersburg. Shostakovich studied at the Leningrad Conservatory (1919–25). The early success of his First Symphony (1925) was confirmed by positive public reaction to two satirical works of 1930—an opera, The Nose (Leningrad; from a tale by GogolGogol, Nikolai Vasilyevich
, 1809–52, Russian short-story writer, novelist, and playwright, sometimes considered the father of Russian realism. Of Ukrainian origin, he first won literary success with fanciful and romantic tales of his native Ukraine in
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), and a ballet, The Golden Age. Shostakovich sought Soviet approval and survived the changing tides of opinion. Severely castigated after Stalin saw a 1936 production of his popular opera Lady Macbeth of the Mzensk District (1934), he was restored to favor with his powerful, traditional, yet ironic Fifth Symphony (1937). From then on he concentrated on symphonic compositions, with later, post-Stalin symphonies tending to deconstruct the traditional Beethoven model (in all, he wrote 15 symphonies) and, during the World War II, on heroic cantatas. Influenced by MahlerMahler, Gustav
, 1860–1911, composer and conductor, born in Austrian Bohemia of Jewish parentage. Mahler studied at the Univ. of Vienna and the Vienna Conservatory.
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 in his monumental symphonies, many of which include choral portions, Shostakovich was basically a Russian nationalist composer whose work represented traditional classical forms and generally remained accessibly tonal. Nonethless, his tart harmonics and musical portrayal of pain and turmoil are distinctly 20th cent. in tone. His outstanding works include 15 string quartets, a piano concerto (1933), the Piano Quintet (1940), the Eighth Symphony (1943), 24 Preludes and Fugues for Piano (1951), and the 13th Symphony, "Babi Yar" (1962).

Bibliography

See Testimony: The Memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich as Related to and Edited by Solomon Volkov (1979, repr. 2000); biographies by V. I. Seroff and N. K. Shohat (1970), E. Wilson (1994), and L. E. Fay (1999); study by N. F. Kay (1971); I. MacDonald, The New Shostakovich (1990); A. B. Ho and D. Feofanov, Shostakovich Reconsidered (1998); M. H. Brown, ed., A Shostakovich Casebook (2004); L. E. Fay, ed., Shostakovich and His World (2004); S. Moshevich, Dmitri Shostakovich, Pianist (2004); S. Volkov, Shostakovich and Stalin (2004); W. Lesser, Music for Silenced Voices: Shostakovich and The Fifteen Quartets (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
All 15 of Dimitri Shostakovich's symphonies were downloaded digitally into a laptop computer.
The Pushkin Theatre audience seemed to especially identify with one dance that the company is including in its Olympic program, the 1991 Sweet Purgatory, danced to Dimitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No.
The score for the two-act ballet, by Dimitri Shostakovich, was originally written for the cinema.
This evening's symphony concert features pianist Joyce Yang playing Sergei Rachmaninov's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini; the program concludes with Dimitri Shostakovich's sprawling Seventh Symphony, the "Leningrad," which was inspired by the siege of the Russian city.
Those present on the night will hear Dimitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No.3 (tribute to The Cold War), George Crumb's Black Angels for Electric String Quartet (tribute to the Vietnam War), and Andreas Tsiartas' Taqsimi on an Armenian Lamento (tribute to The Armenian Genocide).
10 in A-flat by Dimitri Shostakovich, and String Quartet in F (the "American") by Anton'n Dvor[sz]k.
The two following pieces will be Dimitri Shostakovich's Four Waltzes for flute, clarinet and piano and Camille Saint-Saens' Tarantella, op.6 in A minor flute, clarinet and piano.
3; Dimitri Shostakovich's Fifth Symphony, featuring pianist Mihaela Ursuleasa performing Beethoven's Piano Concerto No.
For more than 60 years, the Borodin Quartet has been known for its performances of music by Beethoven and Dimitri Shostakovich,
Eugene Symphony, with guest conductor Victor Yampolsky, playing Dimitri Shostakovich's Symphony No.
Program: Antonin Dvorak's Serenade for Strings; Richard Strauss' Duet Concertino; and Dimitri Shostakovich's Prelude and Scherzo and his Symphony No.