Diodorus Siculus


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Diodorus Siculus

(dīədôr`əs sĭk`yo͞oləs), d. after 21 B.C., Sicilian historian. He wrote, in Greek, a world history in 40 books, ending with Caesar's Gallic Wars. Fully preserved are Books I–V and XI–XX, which cover Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Indian, Scythian, Arabian, and North African history and parts of Greek and Roman history. The history, which is a compilation of other sources, is often repetitive and contradictory. Historians generally regard it as uncritical and unreliable. It is valuable, however, as a source for the lost works of earlier authors, from whom he borrowed freely, and for his chronological lists of prominent figures from the 5th cent. to 302 B.C.

Diodorus Siculus

 

Born circa 90 B.C. in Agyrium, Sicily; died 21 B.C. Ancient Greek historian.

Diodorus was the author of the 40-volume work The Historical Library, of which only volumes 1-5 and 11-20 and fragments of the remaining volumes have survived. This work presents a synchronous account of the history of the ancient East, Greece, the Hellenistic states, and Rome from legendary times to the middle of the first century B.C. Even though Diodorus’ works are mere compilations, and chronologically inaccurate, they have a certain value owing to their use of several sources lost in ancient times. Of particular interest is the information on the classical period of Greek history, the description of the reigns of the emperors Philip II and Alexander the Great, and the reports of the slave uprisings in Sicily in the second century B.C.

WORKS

Diodori Bibliotheca historica, vols. 1-5. Edited by J. Teubner. Leipzig, 1888-1906.
In Russian translation:
In Istoricheskaia biblioteka, vols. 1-6. St. Petersburg, 1774-75.
References in periodicals archive ?
(7.) Diodorus Siculus, Diodorus of Sicily in Twelve Volumes, trans.
John Monfasani's contribution on Diodorus Siculus (61-152) is the most substantial.
(43) A century ago, a scholar attempted to restore the Life of Epaminondas by bringing together quotations (with analyses) using not only an array of passages from Plutarch (some not having directly to do with Epaminondas), but also passages from Cornelius Nepos, Xenophon, Diodorus Siculus, Cicero, Polyaenus, and others to fit the passages together.
DIODORUS SICULUS AND THE IMPERIALISM IN THE HISTORICAL LIBRARY: CONSIDERATIONS AND PROBLEMS ABOUT IT'S MORALIZING AND PERUASIVE-POLITIC'S FUNCTIONS
The primary sources for our study of Phoenicia have traditionally been Josephus and Menander of Ephesus (who quote extinct "Annals of Tyre"), the Old Testament, and the Greek and Roman historians Herodotus, Xenophon, Diodorus Siculus, Arrian, Eusebius of Caesarea, and Philo of Byblos.
129-51) considers Dionysius Scytobrachion, whose Argonautica is partly preserved in the account of Diodorus Siculus, as a possible intertext for Valerius' epic.
It is further mentioned in the Persian Annals of king Artaxerxes II (Diodorus Siculus XV 41.1-3).
In the first century BCE, Diodorus Siculus reported that the Greeks swore not to rebuild or restore the broken sanctuaries in order to leave them as a reminder of the invaders' actions (11.29.3).
Another Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, describes an example of swift justice for the killer of a cat.
It includes material from Herotodus, Thucydides, Xenophon, Diodorus Siculus and Polyaenus, and Arrian.
Diodorus Siculus 34/35.2.1-24 [= Photius, Bibliotheca 284-86b] en Yavetz (1991: 15-25).